OLD TESTAMENT | NEW TESTAMENT

Comparing Old Testament shadow to New Testament substance

Old Testament history as a roadmap to Christian history


It is hoped the reader can see at least a few parallels here between Old Testament history and Christian history. I hope to point these out in greater focus in each of the time categies under the heading "external support" or merely placing a date of the historical event.

Israelite history as a pattern for Christian history, 1 Corinthians 10:11

OLD TESTAMENT NEW TESTAMENT

The Exodus
Preface: Preparing for the Exodus from the bondage of Egypt
Exodus 1-12

Moses, the Prophet-Deliverer,
his special birth and early life,
burning bush encounter with God,
returned from the desert as miracle-working deliverer of God's Chosen People
(the Israelties)
from bondage
under the rule of Pharoah.
The last supper under the rule of Pharoah,
the sacrifice of the Passover lamb.

The Tribulation
Preface: Preparing for the exodus from the bondage of the Law
Matthew, Mark, Luke and John

Jesus, the Prophet-Savior like Moses,
His birth and early life,
baptismal encounter with God,
returned from the desert as miracle-working
deliverer of God's Elect People
(the Christians)
from bondage
under the Law of Moses.
The last supper under the Law of Moses,
the sacrifice of Christ our Passover.

The Journey of Transition

Exodus 13-40, Leviticus, Numbers, Dueteronomy -- The 40-year Exodus from Egypt through the desert to the Inheritance/Promised Land; Moses the promised deliverer; Moses returns after 40 days of fasting with the 10 commandments written on stone; Moses, the Law-giver, delivers the Law of Moses.

The Journey of Transition

30-70AD: The 40-year New Testament historical account: Acts-Revelation: The Second Exodus-Tribulation from the Law of Moses to the Kingdom of the Heavens; Christ our promised Deliverer/Savior, Christ our Passover, Christ returns from 40 days of fasting with the Gospel written on hearts with the Spirit; the Law of Christ; Jesus/Spirit, the Life-giver, delivers the Law of Christ; Christ our Rock for refreshing water, etc., "God has ordained that you should enter His Kingdom through much Tribulation."

The Promised Land
Entering the Promised Inheritance

Joshua 1-6
The miraculous crossing of the Jordan,
putting off the unprofitable flesh
through circumcision of the survivors
of the 40-year Exodus,
Manna ceases to be produced upon arrival at the Inheritance,
the promised land;
arrival of the Captain of the Lord's Armies
for conquest of the Land,
destruction of Jericho, the first conquest.

The Kingdom of God
The Millennium
Entering the Promised Inheritance

70AD: Jude 14-15, 1 Thess 3:13, 2 Thess 1:6-10, Rev 19:11-21, 2 Kings 6:15-17
The miraculous Rapture,
putting off the unprofitable flesh
through resurrection/transformation of the faithful
of the 40 year Tribulation (30-70AD),
Scripture ceases to be produced upon arrival of the Inheritance,
the promised Kingdom of God;
arrival of the Lord with 10,000's of His Saints
for conquest of the World,
destruction of Jerusalem, the first conquest.

Taking Possession of the Land for Israel

Joshua 7-24
taking initial possession of the Land for Israel;
conquering the primary cities,
subjuagating the kingdoms of Canaan,
the Perizites, Hivites, etc.

Taking Possession of the World for Christ

70-325AD Ante-Nicene Christianity:
taking initial possession of the World for Christ;
conquering the primary cities,
christenizing the kingdoms of the World,
the Romans, the Greeks (Byzantines), etc.

Establishing dominion over the Land

Judges, 1&2 Samuel, 1 Kings
simple, theocratic rule of the Land by judges, priests and prophets.
Worship still simple at the Tabernacle of Moses.
Establishing Israelite rule over the Land.

Establishing dominion over the World

325-590AD Nicene and Post-Nicene Christianity
from Constantine the Great to Gregory the Great
the simple, theocratic rule of Christendom by the great churches, the Patriarchates of Alexandria, Jerusalem, Antioch, Constantinople, and Rome, etc.
Establishing Christian rule over the World.

Extending the reach of the kingdom

2 Kings, 1&2 Chronicles, establishing the temple of God in Jerusalem, reigning with kingly glory over the Land. The height of outward show of Israelite reign. Solomon's world traveling fleets, his worldwide fame and outreach, sharing his wisdom. Some regression into Golden Calf idolatry, division and decline.

Extending the reach of the kingdom (Christendom)

590-1070AD: The regal rule of the Catholic Church in its glory. The missionary period from Gregory I. to Hildebrand or Gregory VII., A.D. 590-1073. The height of outward show of Christian reign. The conversion of the northern barbarians. The dawn of a new civilization. Later corruption & decline. Some regression into Islam (Old Testament style legalism). The schism of East and West.

The kingdom threatened with extinction

Isaiah (history accounts)
The divided kingdoms under one siege after another by the heathen nations. Northern kingdom of Israel is conquered and scattered by the Assyrians. The southern kingdom of Judah is beseiged, under threat of extinction by the Assyrians.

Divine Deliverance
The Southern kingdom is divinely delivered from the multitudes of beseiging Assyrian armies surrounding Jerusalem when an angel from heaven slaughters 185,000 Assyrians in a single night.

The kingdom threatened with extinction

1070AD-REFORMATION: Pope Gregory VII to Martin Luther, et al : Divided schism between Roman Catholic west and Greek Orthodox east; saints under seige on every side, heretics and false leaders within and Muslim Turks and without; the Black Death Plague, etc. Greatest challenges to the survivial of faithful, holy, true-believer Christians since the Tribulation of 30-70AD; many true-believers in hiding.

Divine Deliverance
REFORMATION-FOREVER: True Christians were divinely delivered from the threat of extinction by "fire from Heaven," the Reformation.

Decline, Exile, Return and final Destruction

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Esther, Ezra and Nehemiah (the historical portions) -- the decline in Jerusalem begins when Hezekiah asks for 15 more years to live. He then invites in the Babyloninan spies and begets evil Manasseh, to whom he leaves the kingdom. From there, it is a downhill decline into Exile, return, and struggle for existence as God reveals His will to destroy Israel beneath subjugation to four beastly (idol-worshipping) empires: Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Greek, and Roman.

Israel is then to be resurrected into a new and living spiritual kingdom that shall have dominion over all and shall have no end. That account is given in the right column of this table.

*The analogy ends here*
Christ's Kingdom is an everlasting kingdom to which there shall be no end.

A Christian Exile (and return) never happens because our king, King Jesus, never makes the mistakes of King Hezekiah, (inviting in the Babylonian spies; leaving his kingdom to evil heirs like Manasseh and Amon). "His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom to which there shall be no end."

REFORMATION-FOREVER: The "fire from heaven" continues as Martin Luther & John Calvin institutionalize the Reformation; Protestant denominationalism is established; World missions & Bible societies; 24-hour preaching worldwide; the Word of God directly rules over the hearts of estimated 2.5 Billion people and growing; return to simplicity of the faith, worship & practice, free men freely serving Jesus from their free consciences, Government of the People, by the People, for the People to the glory of the God of Peace ....

Relevant Scriptures
1 Corinthians 10:1-11 ~penned around 53AD by Christ's persecuted Apostle Paul to the Christians at Corinth
Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, 2 all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. 5 But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness. 6 Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. 7 And do not become idolaters as were some of them. As it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play." 8 Nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell; 9 nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents; 10 nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.
NKJV

1 Corinthians 10:1-11 ~penned around 53AD by Christ's persecuted Apostle Paul to the Christians at Corinth
For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. 2 They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. 3 They all ate the same spiritual food 4 and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. 5 Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered over the desert. 6 Now these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did. 7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written: "The people sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in pagan revelry." 8 We should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did — and in one day twenty-three thousand of them died. 9 We should not test the Lord, as some of them did — and were killed by snakes. 10 And do not grumble, as some of them did — and were killed by the destroying angel. 11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.
NIV

In Canaan & Egypt | Intertestamental Period

 

PRELUDE TO THE OLD COVENANT PRELUDE TO THE NEW COVENANT

PRELUDE TO THE MINISTRY OF MOSES
Israelites in Canaan and Egypt
from the giving of the promise to Abraham
to the giving of the Law to Moses
about 430 years
God "silent" in the latter portion thereof

Galatians 3:15-19
Just as no one can set aside or add to a human covenant that has been duly established, so it is in this case. 16 The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The Scripture does not say "and to seeds," meaning many people, but "and to your seed," meaning one person, who is Christ. 17 What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise. 18 For if the inheritance depends on the law, then it no longer depends on a promise; but God in his grace gave it to Abraham through a promise.19 What, then, was the purpose of the law? It was added because of transgressions until the Seed to whom the promise referred had come.
NIV

Exodus 12:40-41
Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt and Canaan was 430 years. 41 At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the Lord's divisions left Egypt.
NIV [Septuagint alternate reading]

PRELUDE TO THE MINISTRY OF JESUS
Intertestamental Period
from the ministry of Malachi (c. 420 BC)
to the ministry of John the Baptist (c. 27 AD)
about 447 years
God "silent" in the latter portion thereof

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intertestamental_period

The intertestamental period is a term used to refer to a period of time between the writings of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament texts. Traditionally, it is considered to be a roughly four hundred year period, spanning the ministry of Malachi (c. 420 BC), the last of the Old Testament prophets, and the appearance of John the Baptist in the early 1st century AD, almost the same period as the Second Temple period.

Several of the deuterocanonical books, accepted as Scripture by Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, were written during this time, so it is sometimes also referred to as the deuterocanonical period.

Acts 13:16-20
Standing up, Paul motioned with his hand and said: "Men of Israel and you Gentiles who worship God, listen to me! 17 The God of the people of Israel chose our fathers; he made the people prosper during their stay in Egypt, with mighty power he led them out of that country, 18 he endured their conduct for about forty years in the desert, 19 he overthrew seven nations in Canaan and gave their land to his people as their inheritance. 20 All this took about 450 years.
NIV

 

 

Joseph | Jesus

.

Bondage | Law

BC: Before Christ: under bondage to Sin & Law

Egypt | Old Covenant

To be written ...

Egyptians | Jews

.

Hebrews | Disciples

To be written ...

Pharoah | Pharisees

.

Moses | Jesus

4BC-30AD: Moses | Jesus

Jesus, the Prophet like Moses

 

4BC-30AD Prophet Deliverer

MOSES JESUS
Moses was recognized at birth as a special child Jesus was recognized at birth as a special child
Baby Moses escaped the death sentence of the baby-killing ruler Baby Jesus escaped the death sentence of the baby-killing ruler
Moses spent his early years in Egypt Jesus spent His early years in Egypt
Moses was sent to deliver God's People from their enslaving taskmasters (Pharoah) Jesus was sent to deliver God's People from their enslaving taskmasters (Pharisees)
Moses worked miracles Jesus worked miracles
Moses led God's People away from their pursuing oppressors, (pursuers like Pharoah's army) Jesus led God's People away from their pursuing oppressors, (persecutors like Saul of Tarsus)
Moses fasted 40 days & nights before presenting the Law of Moses Jesus fasted 40 days & nights before presenting the Gospel, the Law of Christ
Moses glowed from the presence of God on the Mt. of Transfiguration Jesus' glowed from the presence of God on the Mt. of Transfiguration
Moses instituted a special covenant meal, the Passover Jesus instituted a special covenant meal on Passover, the Supper of the Lord (Christ our Passover)
Moses interceded for the sin of God's People and leds them to the place of God's Promises, the Land. Jesus intercedes for the sin of God's People and leads them to the place of God's Promises, the KIngdom
Moses delivered God's People from slavery to the promised Land in 40 years Jesus delivered God's People from slavery to the promised Kingdom in 40 years, (30-70AD)

To disobey Moses was to disobey God

To disobey Jesus is to disobey God & Moses
for the Law of Moses contains a command to obey Jesus, the Prophet Like Moses


Deuteronomy 18:15-22
15 "The Lord your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear, 16 according to all you desired of the Lord your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying,'Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, nor let me see this great fire anymore, lest I die.'
17 "And the Lord said to me:'What they have spoken is good. 18 I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. 19 And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him. 20 But the prophet who presumes to speak a word in My name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or who speaks in the name of other gods, that prophet shall die.' 21 And if you say in your heart, 'How shall we know the word which the Lord has not spoken?' — 22 when a prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, if the thing does not happen or come to pass, that is the thing which the Lord has not spoken; the prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him.
NKJV

Acts 3:22-23
22 For Moses said, 'The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. 23 Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from among his people.'
NIV

Acts 7:35-37
35 "This Moses whom they rejected, saying, 'Who made you a ruler and a judge?' is the one God sent to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the Angel who appeared to him in the bush. 36 He brought them out, after he had shown wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness forty years. 37 "This is that Moses who said to the children of Israel, 'The Lord your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren. Him you shall hear.'
NKJV

Matthew 17:1-6
Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; 2 and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. 3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. 4 Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah."
5 While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying,"This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!"
NKJV

Passover | Crucifixion

.

Exodus | Tribulation

30-70AD: Exodus | Tribulation
30-70AD Tribulation: Exodus from Sin & the Law of Moses
30-70AD: Exodus | Tribulation
30-70AD: Comparing the Exodus with the Tribulation

This section is arranged after the pattern shown in the book of Exodus. Just as the early biography of Moses was included in Exodus, the early biography of Jesus is included under the heading of "Tribulation," which is the Christian exodus from the Law of Moses and its taskmasters, the Pharisees, et al.

This period answers to the Old Testament period of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

Second Exodus, Last Days of ancient age, last hour, Tribulation: anticipating Christ's soon Return

Anticipating Christ's Return/Rapture with our Inheritance, our 40-year Exodus ended with our entering the Land of the Promise

 

 

THE 40-YEAR EXODUS THE 40-YEAR TRIBULATION OF 30-70AD
What began as a deliverance from famine under the first Pharoah ended up as a heavy yoke under the last Pharoah. What began as a deliverance from Egypt under Moses ended up as a heavy yoke under the Pharisees, (who sat in Moses' seat, Matthew 23:2-3).
Moses returned from his 40 years in the desert to work miracles in Egypt, the land of bondage under the rule of Pharoah. Christ returned from His 40 days in the desert to work miracles in Israel, the land of bondage under the Law of Moses.

Their exit from the rule of Pharoah began with the sacrifice of that first Passover lamb, its blood covering the doorposts of their houses, their last supper in Egypt, delivering them from the angel of death.

They left behind their bondage under the rule of Pharoah.

Their exit from the Law of Moses began with the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, His blood covering the posts of the Cross, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the World, at the Last Supper instituting the Everlasting Covenant in Christ's Blood, delivering them from the wrath of God.

They left behind their bondage under the Law of Moses.

The Law of Moses was established at Mount Sinai at the beginning of the Exodus.

The Lord's People were sustained throughout the Exodus period by fresh manna from heaven.

The Law of Christ was established at Mount Calvary at the beginning of the Tribulation, LINK.

The Lord's People were sustained throughout the Tribulation period by fresh Scripture from Heaven.

Within their lifetimes, the immediate followers of Moses expected to enter into a new environment, the promised inheritance: the land promised to Abraham & his Seed. Within their lifetimes, the immediate followers of Christ expected to enter into a new environment, the promised inheritance delivered by Christ at His Return/Rapture: the land of the promises to Abraham & his Seed, & the City with godly foundations: the New Heavens, New Earth & New Jerusalem.

The Exodus ended 40 years later with the coming of the Captain of the Lord's Army and the destruction of Jericho, (this inaugurated the conquest of the land for Israel).

At last they arrived upon the Inheritance: entering the land promised to Abraham & his Seed.

The Tribulation ended 40 years later with the coming of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem, (this inaugurated the conquest of the earth for Christ).

At last they arrived upon the Inheritance: the exceedingly great & precious promises made available with Christ's Rapture/Return: the Resurrection unto Life.

Upon arrival at the promised land of inheritance manna ceased to be produced.

The Exodus period serves as a pattern for one's personal passage from this world to the life to come, (this is a very established Christian teaching).

Upon arrival of the promised inheritance at Christ's Return Scripture ceased to be produced.

The 30-70AD Tribulation period serves as a pattern for one's personal passage from this world to the life to come, LINK.

 

See also: 4BC-30AD: Christ is the Prophet like Moses

Crossing the Red Sea | Water Baptism

Crossing Red Sea | Water Baptism
Baptism into Moses | Baptism into Christ

Baptism into Moses | Baptism into Christ

To be written ...

Sinai | Zion (Pentecost)

30AD: Law at Sinai | Spirit at Pentecost
30AD: Sinai | Pentecost (Zion)
30AD: Sinai | Zion
30AD: Confirm Covenant

SINAI: THE GIVING OF THE LAW ZION (PENTECOST): THE GIVING OF THE SPIRIT

50 days after the first Passover, the Law was given

(7 days of travel, 3 days sacrificing?, 40 days on top of Mt. Sinai)

50 days after the Crucifixion, the Spirit was given

(3 days in grave, 40 days visitation, 7 days waiting)

The Law of Moses came down from Mt. Sinai The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus from Mt. Zion
 Hebrews 12:18-21
For you have not come to the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and darkness and tempest, 19 and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, so that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore. 20 (For they could not endure what was commanded: "And if so much as a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned or shot with an arrow." 21 And so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, "I am exceedingly afraid and trembling.")
NKJV
 Hebrews 12:22-29
But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, 23 to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel.

25 See that you do not refuse Him who speaks. For if they did not escape who refused Him who spoke on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from Him who speaks from heaven, 26 whose voice then shook the earth; but now He has promised, saying, "Yet once more I shake not only the earth, but also heaven." 27 Now this, "Yet once more," indicates the removal of those things that are being shaken, as of things that are made, that the things which cannot be shaken may remain.

28 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have grace, by which we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. 29 For our God is a consuming fire.
NKJV

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

 

Giving of the Law of Moses | Giving of the Spirit of Christ

To be written ...

Law | Spirit

Law of Moses | Law of Christ
Law of Moses | Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus (Romans 8)
Law of Moses | the Perfect Law that brings Liberty (James)
Law of Moses | Gospel
Law | Truth (John 1)

The Old Covenant was established at Sinai at the beginning of the Exodus
but entrance into the Inheritance, (the promised Land), began 40 years later,

The New Covenant was established at Calvary at the beginning of the Tribulation around 30AD
but entrance into the Inheritance, (the promised Kingdom of God), began 40 years later around 70AD.

The Everlasting Covenant in Christ's Blood continues as long as Jesus our High Priest lives, forever without end,
but the Tribulation endured only while the Old Testament world order, represented by old Jerusalem, was passing away.

 

 
 
"Legalism" is an oft misused term, frequently employed by the lawless, the rebellious to mock obedience to anyone, even obedience to Christ who warned plainly in Luke 6:46 "Why do you call me, 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do what I say?"
 
The term "Legalism" appears nowhere in Holy Writ but was a technical, theological term devised to refer to attempts to attain righteousness specifically via The Law of Moses, which was fulfilled at the Cross by Christ around 30AD. (See Cross of Christ: Old to New Covenant moment of change http://prophecyhistory.com/?q=node/87).
 
 
THE LAW OF CHRIST (LOVE) compared to THE LAW OF MOSES (LEGALISM) :
 
Galatians 6:2
Carry each other's burdens, and in this way you will fulfill The Law of Christ.
 
1 Corinthians 9:20-22
To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win the Jews. To those under The Law [of Moses] I became like one under The Law [of Moses] (though I myself am not under The Law [of Moses]), so as to win those under The Law [of Moses]. 21 To those not having The Law [of Moses] I became like one not having The Law [of Moses] (though I am not free from THE LAW OF GOD but am under THE LAW OF CHRIST), so as to win those not having The Law [of Moses].
(slightly modified NIV, referencing the underlying Greek)
 

Romans 8:1-2
There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. 2 For The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus has made me free from The Law of Sin & Death. NKJV

[ie of Moses = "When you sin, you will die" aka "The Ministry of Death" 2 Cor 3:7 and "The Ministry of Condemnation" 2 Cor 3:9 Whereas the Gospel is "The Ministry of the Spirit"].

 
The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus = The Law of Christ.
The Law of Sin & Death = The Law of Moses.
Therefore,
The Law of Christ sets us free from The Law of Moses.
We are not left without law, lawless.

2 Corinthians 3:5-4:1
But our sufficiency is from God, 6 who also made us sufficient as Ministers of the New Covenant, not of the Letter but of the Spirit; for the Letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. ["The Letter" here would be the tablets of stone that the LORD sent from Sinai via Moses to His People. How much better the Person of the Holy Spirit than that old Letter of stone, the Law of Moses].
7 But if the Ministry of Death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away, 8 how will the Ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious? 9 For if the Ministry of Condemnation had glory, the Ministry of Righteousness exceeds much more in glory. 10 For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels. 11 For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious.

12 Therefore, since we have such hope, we use great boldness of speech — 13 unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. 14 But their minds were blinded. For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Christ. 15 But even to this day, when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart. 16 Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 18 But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of the Lord. 4 Therefore, since we have this Ministry, as we have received mercy, we do not lose heart.
NKJV

 

The Word = The Perfect Law that gives freedom = The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus that gives freedom.
Therefore,
The Law of God = The Law of Christ = The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus = The Word = The Perfect Law (The Law of Perfection) = The New Covenant in Christ's Blood
James 1:22-25
Do not merely listen to The Word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says. 23 Anyone who listens to The Word but does not do what it says is like a man who looks at his face in a mirror 24 and, after looking at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like. 25 But the man who looks intently into The Perfect Law that gives freedom, and continues to do this, not forgetting what he has heard, but doing it — he will be blessed in what he does.
 
 
"In that He says, 'A new covenant,' He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away." ~Hebrews 8:13, penned over 1930 years ago.
NKJV
 
THE NEW TESTAMENT LAW OF CHRIST REPLACES THE OLD TESTAMENT LAW OF MOSES BECAUSE
THE EVERLASTING PRIESTHOOD OF MELCHIZEDEK REPLACES THE PRIESTHOOD OF AARON
 
Speaking of Jesus, being made a High Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek, superceding the order of Aaron:
Hebrews 7:12-17
12For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of The Law [of God].
13For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.
14For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.
15And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest,
16Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.
17For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
 
 
v12 - So we see that a change came to The Law [of God] with the change of priesthoods.
When the priesthood of Aaron was changed out for the priesthood of Melchizedek, then The Law of Moses was changed out for The Law of Christ.
 
It is uncommon for people to refer to The Gospel as "The Law of Christ," but Paul used the term in Gal 6:1 and 1 Cor 9:21. The Law of Christ is synonymous with James 2:8 "The Royal Law" as well as Rom 8:2 "The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus:" i.e., The New Covenant in Christ's Blood.
 
 
Even as
The Law of Moses was given at the beginning of the Exodus from Egypt
and remained a God-enforced reality throughout the priesthood of Aaron,
The Law of Christ was given at the beginning of the exodus (Tribulation period) from the Old Covenant Law of Moses
and remains a God-enforced reality throughout the priesthood of Melchizedec.
 
As,
The Law of Moses embodied more than the 10 Commandments
and came to refer to the entire corpus of commandments of the Old Covenant,
The Law of Christ embodies more than just a few sayings of the Lord Jesus
but is acknowledged as refering to the entire corpus of New Testament commands.
 
 
It should be noted that a only very small portion of God's commands through Moses in the Old Testament pertained strictly to the Exodus period and are readily recognised as such: "Strike the rock," "Talk to the rock," "Stretch out your staff," "Move camp when the cloud lifts or the fire moves," etc.
 
Likewise, only a very small portion of God's commands through the Spirit of Christ in the New Testament pertained strictly to the 30-70AD Tribulation period and are readily recognised as such with specific time statements associated with each one: Matt 10:23 "You will not have gone through the cities of Israel until the Son of Man comes," and notably 1 Cor 13:8-10 & Eph 4:11-13 which likewise contain "until ..." time-limiting statements.
 
Heb 7:14 & Heb 7:17 - Jesus is identified as a priest forever after this order of Melchizedec.
Heb 7:16 - Jesus' endless life is referred to, granting greater strength & longevity to His Commandment, The Law of Christ.
Therefore,
The Law of Christ shall remain in effect as long as Jesus remains High Priest, i.e. as long as Jesus lives.
 
 
 

Belief in Christ = Believing what Christ said.
"Jesus is my Lord" = "Jesus is my Owner, my Master, my Boss, Jesus' Words tell me what to do."
Faith = taking Jesus seriously enough to obey Him.
 
James 2:20
But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith [in Christ] without works [of obedience to Christ] is dead?

 

Hebrews 7:12-17
For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of The Law [of God].

 

LEGALISM = OBEDIENCE TO THE OLD TESTAMENT = THE LAW OF MOSES = THE OLD LAW OF GOD

LOVE = OBEDIENCE TO THE NEW TESTAMENT = THE LAW OF CHRIST = THE LAW OF GOD

OLD TESTAMENT LEGALISM HAS GIVEN WAY TO NEW TESTAMENT LOVE

 

1 John 5:1-4
Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and everyone who loves Him who begot also loves him who is begotten of Him. 2 By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and keep His commandments. 3 For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments. And His commandments are not burdensome.
NKJV

John 14:15-16
If you love Me, keep My commandments.
NKJV

John 14:21
He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me. And he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and manifest Myself to him."
NKJV

John 15:9-14
"As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love. 10 If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love. 11 "These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full. 12 This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. 13 Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one's life for his friends. 14 You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.
NKJV

 

Matthew 24:35
Heaven and earth shall pass away, but My Words shall not pass away.
 
 
The Law of Christ
Inspired by the Holy Spirit from Heaven with His Baptism,
Delivered by His own mouth with His miraculous ministry,
Signed by His own Blood with His Cross,
Approved by His Father God Almighty with His Resurrection,
Personally enforced with all power in Heaven & Earth since His 70AD Return.
The Law of Christ
 
 
 
Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and forever.
~Hebrews 13:8
 
For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. 17 For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives.
~Hebrews 9:16-18 NKJV
 
Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience, and from sincere faith.
~1 Timothy 1:5

Law of Moses | Law of Christ

Law | Spirit
Law of Moses | Law of Christ
Law of Moses | Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus (Romans 8)
Law of Moses | the Perfect Law that brings Liberty (James)
Law of Moses | Gospel
Law | Truth (John 1)

The Old Covenant was established at Sinai at the beginning of the Exodus
but entrance into the Inheritance, (the promised Land), began 40 years later,

The New Covenant was established at Calvary at the beginning of the Tribulation around 30AD
but entrance into the Inheritance, (the promised Kingdom of God), began 40 years later around 70AD.

The Everlasting Covenant in Christ's Blood continues as long as Jesus our High Priest lives, forever without end,
but the Tribulation endured only while the Old Testament world order, represented by old Jerusalem, was passing away.

 

 
 
"Legalism" is an oft misused term, frequently employed by the lawless, the rebellious to mock obedience to anyone, even obedience to Christ who warned plainly in Luke 6:46 "Why do you call me, 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do what I say?"
 
The term "Legalism" appears nowhere in Holy Writ but was a technical, theological term devised to refer to attempts to attain righteousness specifically via The Law of Moses, which was fulfilled at the Cross by Christ around 30AD. (See Cross of Christ: Old to New Covenant moment of change http://prophecyhistory.com/?q=node/87).
 
 
THE LAW OF CHRIST (LOVE) compared to THE LAW OF MOSES (LEGALISM) :
 
Galatians 6:2
Carry each other's burdens, and in this way you will fulfill The Law of Christ.
 
1 Corinthians 9:20-22
To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win the Jews. To those under The Law [of Moses] I became like one under The Law [of Moses] (though I myself am not under The Law [of Moses]), so as to win those under The Law [of Moses]. 21 To those not having The Law [of Moses] I became like one not having The Law [of Moses] (though I am not free from THE LAW OF GOD but am under THE LAW OF CHRIST), so as to win those not having The Law [of Moses].
(slightly modified NIV, referencing the underlying Greek)
 

Romans 8:1-2
There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. 2 For The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus has made me free from The Law of Sin & Death. NKJV

[ie of Moses = "When you sin, you will die" aka "The Ministry of Death" 2 Cor 3:7 and "The Ministry of Condemnation" 2 Cor 3:9 Whereas the Gospel is "The Ministry of the Spirit"].

 
The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus = The Law of Christ.
The Law of Sin & Death = The Law of Moses.
Therefore,
The Law of Christ sets us free from The Law of Moses.
We are not left without law, lawless.

2 Corinthians 3:5-4:1
But our sufficiency is from God, 6 who also made us sufficient as Ministers of the New Covenant, not of the Letter but of the Spirit; for the Letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. ["The Letter" here would be the tablets of stone that the LORD sent from Sinai via Moses to His People. How much better the Person of the Holy Spirit than that old Letter of stone, the Law of Moses].
7 But if the Ministry of Death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away, 8 how will the Ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious? 9 For if the Ministry of Condemnation had glory, the Ministry of Righteousness exceeds much more in glory. 10 For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels. 11 For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious.

12 Therefore, since we have such hope, we use great boldness of speech — 13 unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. 14 But their minds were blinded. For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Christ. 15 But even to this day, when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart. 16 Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 18 But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of the Lord. 4 Therefore, since we have this Ministry, as we have received mercy, we do not lose heart.
NKJV

 

The Word = The Perfect Law that gives freedom = The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus that gives freedom.
Therefore,
The Law of God = The Law of Christ = The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus = The Word = The Perfect Law (The Law of Perfection) = The New Covenant in Christ's Blood
James 1:22-25
Do not merely listen to The Word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says. 23 Anyone who listens to The Word but does not do what it says is like a man who looks at his face in a mirror 24 and, after looking at himself, goes away and immediately forgets what he looks like. 25 But the man who looks intently into The Perfect Law that gives freedom, and continues to do this, not forgetting what he has heard, but doing it — he will be blessed in what he does.
 
 
"In that He says, 'A new covenant,' He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away." ~Hebrews 8:13, penned over 1930 years ago.
NKJV
 
THE NEW TESTAMENT LAW OF CHRIST REPLACES THE OLD TESTAMENT LAW OF MOSES BECAUSE
THE EVERLASTING PRIESTHOOD OF MELCHIZEDEK REPLACES THE PRIESTHOOD OF AARON
 
Speaking of Jesus, being made a High Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek, superceding the order of Aaron:
Hebrews 7:12-17
12For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of The Law [of God].
13For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.
14For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.
15And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest,
16Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life.
17For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
 
 
v12 - So we see that a change came to The Law [of God] with the change of priesthoods.
When the priesthood of Aaron was changed out for the priesthood of Melchizedek, then The Law of Moses was changed out for The Law of Christ.
 
It is uncommon for people to refer to The Gospel as "The Law of Christ," but Paul used the term in Gal 6:1 and 1 Cor 9:21. The Law of Christ is synonymous with James 2:8 "The Royal Law" as well as Rom 8:2 "The Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus:" i.e., The New Covenant in Christ's Blood.
 
 
Even as
The Law of Moses was given at the beginning of the Exodus from Egypt
and remained a God-enforced reality throughout the priesthood of Aaron,
The Law of Christ was given at the beginning of the exodus (Tribulation period) from the Old Covenant Law of Moses
and remains a God-enforced reality throughout the priesthood of Melchizedec.
 
As,
The Law of Moses embodied more than the 10 Commandments
and came to refer to the entire corpus of commandments of the Old Covenant,
The Law of Christ embodies more than just a few sayings of the Lord Jesus
but is acknowledged as refering to the entire corpus of New Testament commands.
 
 
It should be noted that a only very small portion of God's commands through Moses in the Old Testament pertained strictly to the Exodus period and are readily recognised as such: "Strike the rock," "Talk to the rock," "Stretch out your staff," "Move camp when the cloud lifts or the fire moves," etc.
 
Likewise, only a very small portion of God's commands through the Spirit of Christ in the New Testament pertained strictly to the 30-70AD Tribulation period and are readily recognised as such with specific time statements associated with each one: Matt 10:23 "You will not have gone through the cities of Israel until the Son of Man comes," and notably 1 Cor 13:8-10 & Eph 4:11-13 which likewise contain "until ..." time-limiting statements.
 
Heb 7:14 & Heb 7:17 - Jesus is identified as a priest forever after this order of Melchizedec.
Heb 7:16 - Jesus' endless life is referred to, granting greater strength & longevity to His Commandment, The Law of Christ.
Therefore,
The Law of Christ shall remain in effect as long as Jesus remains High Priest, i.e. as long as Jesus lives.
 
 
 

Belief in Christ = Believing what Christ said.
"Jesus is my Lord" = "Jesus is my Owner, my Master, my Boss, Jesus' Words tell me what to do."
Faith = taking Jesus seriously enough to obey Him.
 
James 2:20
But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith [in Christ] without works [of obedience to Christ] is dead?

 

Hebrews 7:12-17
For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of The Law [of God].

 

LEGALISM = OBEDIENCE TO THE OLD TESTAMENT = THE LAW OF MOSES = THE OLD LAW OF GOD

LOVE = OBEDIENCE TO THE NEW TESTAMENT = THE LAW OF CHRIST = THE LAW OF GOD

OLD TESTAMENT LEGALISM HAS GIVEN WAY TO NEW TESTAMENT LOVE

 

1 John 5:1-4
Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and everyone who loves Him who begot also loves him who is begotten of Him. 2 By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and keep His commandments. 3 For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments. And His commandments are not burdensome.
NKJV

John 14:15-16
If you love Me, keep My commandments.
NKJV

John 14:21
He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me. And he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and manifest Myself to him."
NKJV

John 15:9-14
"As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love. 10 If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love. 11 "These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full. 12 This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. 13 Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one's life for his friends. 14 You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.
NKJV

 

Matthew 24:35
Heaven and earth shall pass away, but My Words shall not pass away.
 
 
The Law of Christ
Inspired by the Holy Spirit from Heaven with His Baptism,
Delivered by His own mouth with His miraculous ministry,
Signed by His own Blood with His Cross,
Approved by His Father God Almighty with His Resurrection,
Personally enforced with all power in Heaven & Earth since His 70AD Return.
The Law of Christ
 
 
 
Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and forever.
~Hebrews 13:8
 
For where there is a testament, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. 17 For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives.
~Hebrews 9:16-18 NKJV
 
Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience, and from sincere faith.
~1 Timothy 1:5

Old Testament | New Testament

2 Corinthians 2:17-4:6
17 For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.
3:1 Do we begin again to commend ourselves? or need we, as some others, epistles of commendation to you, or letters of commendation from you?
2 Ye are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read of all men:
3 Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshy tables of the heart.
4 And such trust have we through Christ to God-ward:
5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God;
6 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.
7 But if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:
8 How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious
9 For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
10 For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth.
11 For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious.
12 Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech:
13 And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished:
14 But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ.
15 But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.
16 Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away.
17 Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
4:1 Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not;

2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.
3 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost:
4 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
5 For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake.6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
KJV

 

 

Hebrews 8:7-13
7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.

13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;
4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.
7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:
8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:
9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
15 And for this cause He is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.
18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.
19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,
20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, ...
KJV

 

 

 


 

Jerusalem from below | Jerusalem from above

Jerusalem | New Jerusalem

The New Covenant = the Jerusalem from above

Galatians 4:21-31 & Galatians 5:1-3
21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?
22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman.
23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.
25 For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.
26 But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is the mother of us all.
27 For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband.
28 Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the children of promise.
29 But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.
30 Nevertheless what saith the scripture? Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman.
31 So then, brethren, we are not children of the bondwoman, but of the free.
5 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
2 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.
3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.
KJV

The Jerusalem from above = The heavenly Jerusalem

Hebrews 12:18-29
18 For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,
19 And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:
20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:
21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
22 But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,
23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
25 See that ye refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven:
26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.
27 And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.
28 Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:
29 For our God is a consuming fire.
KJV

The heavenly Jerusalem = The new Jerusalem = The Bride of Christ

Revelation 21:1-4
1And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.
2And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
3And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.
4And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
5And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.
6And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
7He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.
8But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.
9And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife.
10And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
11Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
12And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:
13On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.
14And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
15And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
16And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.
17And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.
18And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass.
19And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;
20The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
21And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.
22And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.
23And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.
24And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.
25And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there.
26And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.
27And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.
Revelation 22
1And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
2In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.
3And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:
4And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.
5And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.
6And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.
7Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.
8And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things.
9Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.
10And he saith unto me, Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand.
11He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.
12And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.
13I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.
14Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.
15For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

16I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.
17And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.
KJV

 

Formation of the Pentateuch | Formation of the New Testament

To be written ...

 

it took 40 years to deliver the Pentateuch (The Law of Moses)

it took 40 years to deliver the New Testament (The Law of Christ aka the Gospel)

Promised Land | Millennium

"The Kingdom of God does not come with observation"

Promised Land | 1000 Years
70-1070: Kingdom | Millennium
70-1070: Conquest & Kingdom | Last Day-Millennium
70-1070AD The Last Day: Possess Promises Land Kingdom
70-1070AD The Last Day: Possess the Promises, Land & Kingdom
70-1070AD The Kingdom Come

Judges, Priests + Kings

70-1070AD: the Last Day-Millennium = The Middle Age

This age is characterized by the dismantling of the old idol-worshipping empires and the establishment of Christendom, that is, the empire of Christ.

70-1070AD: The Millennium = The Middle Age = The Last Day = Sabbath Day with the Lord = Taking Possession of Land & Promises = the first 1000 years of Christians receiving the Inheritance

He takes away the old Jerusalem to establish the New Jerusalem

IF the 30-70AD Tribulation corresponds to the Old Testament Exodus

THEN 70-1070AD corresponds to the period of entering, taking possession & reigning over the Inheritance, the land of promises:

  1. Joshua -- arrival of the Captain of the Lord's army; taking possession of the inheritance, promised land.
  2. Judges, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel -- simple, theocratic rule by prophets, priests, & judges.
  3. 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Isaiah -- reigning with kingly glory over the inheritance.
  • The Last Day = the last day of the week = The Sabbath Day of the Lord = 1000 years (2 Peter 3:8)
  • Some secular historians regard the MIddles Age(s) as a time of malaise and lack of progress as the classical wisdom of the ancient Greeks, laid neglected while Bible study captivated the focus of society. Because of such, they suppose, the Muslims & the Orient seem to be the ones where secular progress is slightly more active.
  • But every world-dominating superpower since has come forth from the ranks of those nations Christianized during this inaugural period of World Discipleship by the Saints.
  • Foundational doctrines were forged from the conquering of unsettling questions and heresies.
  • Romans 1:8 mentions how the Faith (of the Christians of Rome) was "spoken of throughout the whole world" as of 56AD when it was written. Certainly this Faith made even bigger news when the proclamation went forth that Christians were to be official targets of empire-wide, state-sponsored persecution in the centuries that followed. Surely this made even bigger worldwide headlines as the centuries rolled on and the Christians were still not beat. And how many jaws dropped around the empire, indeed the whole world, at the final news that this same Roman Empire was now declaring a truce in 313AD then going on to officially adopt the Religion of Christ following 325AD. Beyond all doubt, the requirements of Matthew 24:14 had been fullfilled.
  • By the end of the 1st quarter of this 70-1070AD period, the last idol-worshipping, Saint-oppressing, World-dominating superpower was driven to its knees before Christ & His armies to declare itself a Christian nation, (Constantine 313AD & 325AD). Though it might also serve elsewhere, the visual poetry of the following passage fittingly describes this first quarter of the 70-1070AD Millennium:

Revelation 19:11-21
11 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. 12 His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. 13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. 15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. 17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven,"Come and gather together for the supper of the great God, 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great." 19 And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. 20 Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh.
NKJV

Jude 14-15
14 Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, "Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, 15 to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him."
NKJV 

2 Kings 6:14-19
He sent horses and chariots and a great army there, and they came by night and surrounded the city. 15 And when the servant of the man of God arose early and went out, there was an army, surrounding the city with horses and chariots. And his servant said to him, "Alas, my master! What shall we do?" 16 So he answered,"Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them." 17 And Elisha prayed, and said, "Lord, I pray, open his eyes that he may see." Then the Lord opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw. And behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha. 18 So when the Syrians came down to him, Elisha prayed to the Lord, and said, "Strike this people, I pray, with blindness." And He struck them with blindness according to the word of Elisha.19 Now Elisha said to them, "This is not the way, nor is this the city. Follow me, and I will bring you to the man whom you seek."
NKJV

John 6:45 Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to Me.
Matthew 8:22 Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead.

Crossing Jordan | Death & Resurrection of the Blessed & Holy Ones

OLD TESTAMENT
Natural TYPE

NEW TESTAMENT
Spiritual ANTI-TYPE

Joshua 3 and 4
And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they removed from Shittim, and came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over.

2 And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;

3 And they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then ye shall remove from your place, and go after it.

4 Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near unto it, that ye may know the way by which ye must go: for ye have not passed this way heretofore.

5 And Joshua said unto the people, Sanctify yourselves: for to morrow the Lord will do wonders among you.

6 And Joshua spake unto the priests, saying, Take up the ark of the covenant, and pass over before the people. And they took up the ark of the covenant, and went before the people.

7 And the Lord said unto Joshua, This day will I begin to magnify thee in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that, as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee.

8 And thou shalt command the priests that bear the ark of the covenant, saying, When ye are come to the brink of the water of Jordan, ye shall stand still in Jordan.

9 And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, Come hither, and hear the words of the Lord your God.

10 And Joshua said, Hereby ye shall know that the living God is among you, and that he will without fail drive out from before you the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Hivites, and the Perizzites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Jebusites.

11 Behold, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth passeth over before you into Jordan.

12 Now therefore take you twelve men out of the tribes of Israel, out of every tribe a man.

13 And it shall come to pass, as soon as the soles of the feet of the priests that bear the ark of the Lord, the Lord of all the earth, shall rest in the waters of Jordan, that the waters of Jordan shall be cut off from the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand upon an heap.

14 And it came to pass, when the people removed from their tents, to pass over Jordan, and the priests bearing the ark of the covenant before the people;

15 And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest,)

16 That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up upon an heap very far from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed, and were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.

17 And the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord stood firm on dry ground in the midst of Jordan, and all the Israelites passed over on dry ground, until all the people were passed clean over Jordan.\

4:1 And it came to pass, when all the people were clean passed over Jordan, that the Lord spake unto Joshua, saying,

2 Take you twelve men out of the people, out of every tribe a man,

3 And command ye them, saying, Take you hence out of the midst of Jordan, out of the place where the priests' feet stood firm, twelve stones, and ye shall carry them over with you, and leave them in the lodging place, where ye shall lodge this night.

4 Then Joshua called the twelve men, whom he had prepared of the children of Israel, out of every tribe a man:

5 And Joshua said unto them, Pass over before the ark of the Lord your God into the midst of Jordan, and take ye up every man of you a stone upon his shoulder, according unto the number of the tribes of the children of Israel:

6 That this may be a sign among you, that when your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean ye by these stones?

7 Then ye shall answer them, That the waters of Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the Lord; when it passed over Jordan, the waters of Jordan were cut off: and these stones shall be for a memorial unto the children of Israel for ever.

8 And the children of Israel did so as Joshua commanded, and took up twelve stones out of the midst of Jordan, as the Lord spake unto Joshua, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel, and carried them over with them unto the place where they lodged, and laid them down there.

9 And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the covenant stood: and they are there unto this day.

10 For the priests which bare the ark stood in the midst of Jordan, until everything was finished that the Lord commanded Joshua to speak unto the people, according to all that Moses commanded Joshua: and the people hasted and passed over.

11 And it came to pass, when all the people were clean passed over, that the ark of the Lord passed over, and the priests, in the presence of the people.

12 And the children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh, passed over armed before the children of Israel, as Moses spake unto them:

13 About forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the Lord unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.

14 On that day the Lord magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they feared him, as they feared Moses, all the days of his life.15 And the Lord spake unto Joshua, saying,

16 Command the priests that bear the ark of the testimony, that they come up out of Jordan.

17 Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, Come ye up out of Jordan.

18 And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks, as they did before.

19 And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho.

20 And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal.

21 And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean these stones?

22 Then ye shall let your children know, saying, Israel came over this Jordan on dry land.

23 For the Lord your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the Lord your God did to the Red sea, which he dried up from before us, until we were gone over:

24 That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the Lord, that it is mighty: that ye might fear the Lord your God for ever.
KJV

 
   

 


Where did the expression 'crossing Jordan' originate?

 

1 Corinthians 10:1-11
 Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, 2 all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. 5 But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness.

6 Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. 7 And do not become idolaters as were some of them. As it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play."  8 Nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell; 9 nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents; 10 nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.
NKJV

Circumcision at Gilgal | Putting off Flesh & Blood

Old Testament
Natural TYPE
New Testament
Spiritual ANTI-TYPE
Joshua 5:1-12
So it was, when all the kings of the Amorites who were on the west side of the Jordan, and all the kings of the Canaanites who were by the sea, heard that the Lord had dried up the waters of the Jordan from before the children of Israel until we had crossed over, that their heart melted; and there was no spirit in them any longer because of the children of Israel.

2 At that time the Lord said to Joshua, "Make flint knives for yourself, and circumcise the sons of Israel again the second time." 3 So Joshua made flint knives for himself, and circumcised the sons of Israel at the hill of the foreskins.  4 And this is the reason why Joshua circumcised them: All the people who came out of Egypt who were males, all the men of war, had died in the wilderness on the way, after they had come out of Egypt. 5 For all the people who came out had been circumcised, but all the people born in the wilderness, on the way as they came out of Egypt, had not been circumcised. 6 For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the people who were men of war, who came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they did not obey the voice of the Lord — to whom the Lord swore that He would not show them the land which the Lord had sworn to their fathers that He would give us, "a land flowing with milk and honey."  7 Then Joshua circumcised their sons whom He raised up in their place; for they were uncircumcised, because they had not been circumcised on the way.

8 So it was, when they had finished circumcising all the people, that they stayed in their places in the camp till they were healed. 9 Then the Lord said to Joshua, "This day I have rolled away the reproach of Egypt from you." Therefore the name of the place is called Gilgal to this day.

10 Now the children of Israel camped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight on the plains of Jericho. 11 And they ate of the produce of the land on the day after the Passover, unleavened bread and parched grain, on the very same day. 12 Then the manna ceased on the day after they had eaten the produce of the land; and the children of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate the food of the land of Canaan that year.
NKJV

1 Corinthians 15:50-53
Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does corruption inherit incorruption. 51 Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed —  52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
NKJV
 
   

 

Assyrians | Gog & Magog

Divine deliverance of old Jerusalem by an "Angel from Heaven"
compared to
Divine deliverand of new Jerusalem by "Fire from Heaven"

OLD TESTAMENT SAINTS
Old Jerusalem receives sudden, divine deliverance from existence-threatening siege by an angel from Heaven.
NEW TESTAMENT SAINTS
"The Camp of the Saints, the Beloved City" receives sudden, divine deliverance from existence-threatening siege by "fire from Heaven."

2 Kings 18:9-19:37

17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rab-shakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem.

32 Therefore thus saith the Lord concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shield, nor cast a bank against it.
33 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the Lord.
34 For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
35 And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.
36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.
37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him
with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead.

 Revelation 20:7-10
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed
the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

Commentary
This passage begins by stating that the Assyrians already took away the cities of Israel & Judah before approaching Jerusalem.  Those taken away were hardly heard from ever again, even considered "the lost tribes of Israel."  Even when some were allowed to return to the land of Israel much later, they were ever after referred to as "Samaritans," never quite "God's People " ever again.  This was, then, a circumstance in which the very existence of God's Covenant People, Jerusalem was threatened with extinction more than any time since the Exodus which preceded the conquest of the promised land and the establishment of the kingdom.
Commentary
LIkewise, this siege by Gog & Magog was envisioned as a circumstance in which the very existence of "the Camp of the Saints, the beloved City" was threatened with extinction more than any time since the Tribulation which preceded the 1000-years Millennium.  Such were the circumstances of true Christian believers everywhere when the fire of the Reformation suddenly came as a deliverance from Heaven.

Subjugation of Saints | Supremacy of Saints

Exile to Destruction | Reign Forever
Exile-Subjugations-End | Reign Forever
Exile to Destruction | Reign Forever
Exile to End | No End 

 

TO BE WRITTEN ...

 

 

Elijah who was to come = John the Baptist

 

THE SPIRIT AND POWER OF ELIJAH & JOHN THE BAPTIST
Luke 1:17
And he shall go before him in the spirit and POWER, ("DUNAMIS" #1411), of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
 
Elijah & John the Baptist have this in common: they both took on their faithless nation, calling them from the most heinous rebellion, singlehandedly. This required unusual faith. They both were granted the Spiritual Gift of Faith (1 Cor 12:9) which lasts for the situation needed, but the man is left afterward with his own regular faith. This Gift of Faith enabled Elijah to single-handedly confront the 450 prophets of Baal in 1 Kings 18:22-45. But immediately following, his own faith was not enough to stand up to a lone woman named Jezebel: Elijah ran from her for his life (1 Kings 19:1-3). Likewise, John the Baptist was granted the Gift of Faith to single-handedly stand against the broods of vipers of Pharisees & Sadducees and single-handedly identifying boldly to the world that Jesus is the Son of God, the Christ, the Lamb of God (Matthew 3:1-16 and John 2:15-32). But later, when this Gift of Faith had served its purpose, John the Baptist had to send messengers to find out if Jesus was, in fact, the One who was to come (Luke 7:20). John the Baptist did no miracles (John 10:41), but Elijah did (1 Kings 17:1 and 1 Kings 17:13-22 and 1 Kings 18:1 and 1 Kings 18:41-45 and 1 Kings 19:7 and 2 Kings 1:10-16 and 2 Kings 2:7-11). The spirit and POWER, ("DUNAMIS" #1411), of Elijah which John the Baptist shared was the spiritual Gift of Faith (1 Cor 12:9) which gave them temporary, supernatural Faith to withstand far more than they could have on their own faith.
 
1 Corinthians 12:7-9
7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
9 To another faith by the same Spirit; ...
"To another," indicates here, as in the rest of the passage, that it is a special Gift that is not given to everyone all the time. It is the spiritual Gift of [Special] Faith temporarily, miraculously added to one's personal faith.

To be written ...

To be written ...

To be written ...

Timeline Summary

OLD TESTAMENT | NEW TESTAMENT

Comparing Old Testament shadow to New Testament substance

Old Testament history as a roadmap to Christian history


It is hoped the reader can see at least a few parallels here between Old Testament history and Christian history. I hope to point these out in greater focus in each of the time categies under the heading "external support" or merely placing a date of the historical event.

Israelite history as a pattern for Christian history, 1 Corinthians 10:11

OLD TESTAMENT NEW TESTAMENT

The Exodus
Preface: Preparing for the Exodus from the bondage of Egypt
Exodus 1-12

Moses, the Prophet-Deliverer,
his special birth and early life,
burning bush encounter with God,
returned from the desert as miracle-working deliverer of God's Chosen People
(the Israelties)
from bondage
under the rule of Pharoah.
The last supper under the rule of Pharoah,
the sacrifice of the Passover lamb.

The Tribulation
Preface: Preparing for the exodus from the bondage of the Law
Matthew, Mark, Luke and John

Jesus, the Prophet-Savior like Moses,
His birth and early life,
baptismal encounter with God,
returned from the desert as miracle-working
deliverer of God's Elect People
(the Christians)
from bondage
under the Law of Moses.
The last supper under the Law of Moses,
the sacrifice of Christ our Passover.

The Journey of Transition

Exodus 13-40, Leviticus, Numbers, Dueteronomy -- The 40-year Exodus from Egypt through the desert to the Inheritance/Promised Land; Moses the promised deliverer; Moses returns after 40 days of fasting with the 10 commandments written on stone; Moses, the Law-giver, delivers the Law of Moses.

The Journey of Transition

30-70AD: The 40-year New Testament historical account: Acts-Revelation: The Second Exodus-Tribulation from the Law of Moses to the Kingdom of the Heavens; Christ our promised Deliverer/Savior, Christ our Passover, Christ returns from 40 days of fasting with the Gospel written on hearts with the Spirit; the Law of Christ; Jesus/Spirit, the Life-giver, delivers the Law of Christ; Christ our Rock for refreshing water, etc., "God has ordained that you should enter His Kingdom through much Tribulation."

The Promised Land
Entering the Promised Inheritance

Joshua 1-6
The miraculous crossing of the Jordan,
putting off the unprofitable flesh
through circumcision of the survivors
of the 40-year Exodus,
Manna ceases to be produced upon arrival at the Inheritance,
the promised land;
arrival of the Captain of the Lord's Armies
for conquest of the Land,
destruction of Jericho, the first conquest.

The Kingdom of God
The Millennium
Entering the Promised Inheritance

70AD: Jude 14-15, 1 Thess 3:13, 2 Thess 1:6-10, Rev 19:11-21, 2 Kings 6:15-17
The miraculous Rapture,
putting off the unprofitable flesh
through resurrection/transformation of the faithful
of the 40 year Tribulation (30-70AD),
Scripture ceases to be produced upon arrival of the Inheritance,
the promised Kingdom of God;
arrival of the Lord with 10,000's of His Saints
for conquest of the World,
destruction of Jerusalem, the first conquest.

Taking Possession of the Land for Israel

Joshua 7-24
taking initial possession of the Land for Israel;
conquering the primary cities,
subjuagating the kingdoms of Canaan,
the Perizites, Hivites, etc.

Taking Possession of the World for Christ

70-325AD Ante-Nicene Christianity:
taking initial possession of the World for Christ;
conquering the primary cities,
christenizing the kingdoms of the World,
the Romans, the Greeks (Byzantines), etc.

Establishing dominion over the Land

Judges, 1&2 Samuel, 1 Kings
simple, theocratic rule of the Land by judges, priests and prophets.
Worship still simple at the Tabernacle of Moses.
Establishing Israelite rule over the Land.

Establishing dominion over the World

325-590AD Nicene and Post-Nicene Christianity
from Constantine the Great to Gregory the Great
the simple, theocratic rule of Christendom by the great churches, the Patriarchates of Alexandria, Jerusalem, Antioch, Constantinople, and Rome, etc.
Establishing Christian rule over the World.

Extending the reach of the kingdom

2 Kings, 1&2 Chronicles, establishing the temple of God in Jerusalem, reigning with kingly glory over the Land. The height of outward show of Israelite reign. Solomon's world traveling fleets, his worldwide fame and outreach, sharing his wisdom. Some regression into Golden Calf idolatry, division and decline.

Extending the reach of the kingdom (Christendom)

590-1070AD: The regal rule of the Catholic Church in its glory. The missionary period from Gregory I. to Hildebrand or Gregory VII., A.D. 590-1073. The height of outward show of Christian reign. The conversion of the northern barbarians. The dawn of a new civilization. Later corruption & decline. Some regression into Islam (Old Testament style legalism). The schism of East and West.

The kingdom threatened with extinction

Isaiah (history accounts)
The divided kingdoms under one siege after another by the heathen nations. Northern kingdom of Israel is conquered and scattered by the Assyrians. The southern kingdom of Judah is beseiged, under threat of extinction by the Assyrians.

Divine Deliverance
The Southern kingdom is divinely delivered from the multitudes of beseiging Assyrian armies surrounding Jerusalem when an angel from heaven slaughters 185,000 Assyrians in a single night.

The kingdom threatened with extinction

1070AD-REFORMATION: Pope Gregory VII to Martin Luther, et al : Divided schism between Roman Catholic west and Greek Orthodox east; saints under seige on every side, heretics and false leaders within and Muslim Turks and without; the Black Death Plague, etc. Greatest challenges to the survivial of faithful, holy, true-believer Christians since the Tribulation of 30-70AD; many true-believers in hiding.

Divine Deliverance
REFORMATION-FOREVER: True Christians were divinely delivered from the threat of extinction by "fire from Heaven," the Reformation.

Decline, Exile, Return and final Destruction

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Esther, Ezra and Nehemiah (the historical portions) -- the decline in Jerusalem begins when Hezekiah asks for 15 more years to live. He then invites in the Babyloninan spies and begets evil Manasseh, to whom he leaves the kingdom. From there, it is a downhill decline into Exile, return, and struggle for existence as God reveals His will to destroy Israel beneath subjugation to four beastly (idol-worshipping) empires: Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Greek, and Roman.

Israel is then to be resurrected into a new and living spiritual kingdom that shall have dominion over all and shall have no end. That account is given in the right column of this table.

*The analogy ends here*
Christ's Kingdom is an everlasting kingdom to which there shall be no end.

A Christian Exile (and return) never happens because our king, King Jesus, never makes the mistakes of King Hezekiah, (inviting in the Babylonian spies; leaving his kingdom to evil heirs like Manasseh and Amon). "His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom to which there shall be no end."

REFORMATION-FOREVER: The "fire from heaven" continues as Martin Luther & John Calvin institutionalize the Reformation; Protestant denominationalism is established; World missions & Bible societies; 24-hour preaching worldwide; the Word of God directly rules over the hearts of estimated 2.5 Billion people and growing; return to simplicity of the faith, worship & practice, free men freely serving Jesus from their free consciences, Government of the People, by the People, for the People to the glory of the God of Peace ....

Relevant Scriptures
1 Corinthians 10:1-11 ~penned around 53AD by Christ's persecuted Apostle Paul to the Christians at Corinth
Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, 2 all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. 5 But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness. 6 Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. 7 And do not become idolaters as were some of them. As it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play." 8 Nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell; 9 nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents; 10 nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.
NKJV

1 Corinthians 10:1-11 ~penned around 53AD by Christ's persecuted Apostle Paul to the Christians at Corinth
For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. 2 They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. 3 They all ate the same spiritual food 4 and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. 5 Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered over the desert. 6 Now these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did. 7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written: "The people sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in pagan revelry." 8 We should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did — and in one day twenty-three thousand of them died. 9 We should not test the Lord, as some of them did — and were killed by snakes. 10 And do not grumble, as some of them did — and were killed by the destroying angel. 11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.
NIV

BEFORE TRIBULATION Bondage under Law

FROM THE EXODUS TO THE CROSS: Bondage under the Law of Moses
BEFORE THE CROSS: Bondage under Law
BC: Egypt & Bondage | Sin & Law
BC: Before Christ: Bondage in Egypt
 

These prophecy+history relationships are shown for the purpose of learning the language of Bible prophecy, how it actually communicates. That is to say, when the Bible predicts "this" in prophecy we can expect to see "this" in history. By studying how the Bible's prophecies were fulfilled in Bible histories we can get a feel for how the language of Bible prophecy is expected to be understood.

Exodus | Tribulation

30-70AD: Exodus | Tribulation
30-70AD Tribulation: Exodus from Sin & the Law of Moses
30-70AD: Exodus | Tribulation
30-70AD: Comparing the Exodus with the Tribulation

This section is arranged after the pattern shown in the book of Exodus. Just as the early biography of Moses was included in Exodus, the early biography of Jesus is included under the heading of "Tribulation," which is the Christian exodus from the Law of Moses and its taskmasters, the Pharisees, et al.

This period answers to the Old Testament period of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

Second Exodus, Last Days of ancient age, last hour, Tribulation: anticipating Christ's soon Return

Anticipating Christ's Return/Rapture with our Inheritance, our 40-year Exodus ended with our entering the Land of the Promise

 

 

THE 40-YEAR EXODUS THE 40-YEAR TRIBULATION OF 30-70AD
What began as a deliverance from famine under the first Pharoah ended up as a heavy yoke under the last Pharoah. What began as a deliverance from Egypt under Moses ended up as a heavy yoke under the Pharisees, (who sat in Moses' seat, Matthew 23:2-3).
Moses returned from his 40 years in the desert to work miracles in Egypt, the land of bondage under the rule of Pharoah. Christ returned from His 40 days in the desert to work miracles in Israel, the land of bondage under the Law of Moses.

Their exit from the rule of Pharoah began with the sacrifice of that first Passover lamb, its blood covering the doorposts of their houses, their last supper in Egypt, delivering them from the angel of death.

They left behind their bondage under the rule of Pharoah.

Their exit from the Law of Moses began with the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, His blood covering the posts of the Cross, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the World, at the Last Supper instituting the Everlasting Covenant in Christ's Blood, delivering them from the wrath of God.

They left behind their bondage under the Law of Moses.

The Law of Moses was established at Mount Sinai at the beginning of the Exodus.

The Lord's People were sustained throughout the Exodus period by fresh manna from heaven.

The Law of Christ was established at Mount Calvary at the beginning of the Tribulation, LINK.

The Lord's People were sustained throughout the Tribulation period by fresh Scripture from Heaven.

Within their lifetimes, the immediate followers of Moses expected to enter into a new environment, the promised inheritance: the land promised to Abraham & his Seed. Within their lifetimes, the immediate followers of Christ expected to enter into a new environment, the promised inheritance delivered by Christ at His Return/Rapture: the land of the promises to Abraham & his Seed, & the City with godly foundations: the New Heavens, New Earth & New Jerusalem.

The Exodus ended 40 years later with the coming of the Captain of the Lord's Army and the destruction of Jericho, (this inaugurated the conquest of the land for Israel).

At last they arrived upon the Inheritance: entering the land promised to Abraham & his Seed.

The Tribulation ended 40 years later with the coming of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem, (this inaugurated the conquest of the earth for Christ).

At last they arrived upon the Inheritance: the exceedingly great & precious promises made available with Christ's Rapture/Return: the Resurrection unto Life.

Upon arrival at the promised land of inheritance manna ceased to be produced.

The Exodus period serves as a pattern for one's personal passage from this world to the life to come, (this is a very established Christian teaching).

Upon arrival of the promised inheritance at Christ's Return Scripture ceased to be produced.

The 30-70AD Tribulation period serves as a pattern for one's personal passage from this world to the life to come, LINK.

 

See also: 4BC-30AD: Christ is the Prophet like Moses

Promised Land | Millennium

"The Kingdom of God does not come with observation"

Promised Land | 1000 Years
70-1070: Kingdom | Millennium
70-1070: Conquest & Kingdom | Last Day-Millennium
70-1070AD The Last Day: Possess Promises Land Kingdom
70-1070AD The Last Day: Possess the Promises, Land & Kingdom
70-1070AD The Kingdom Come

Judges, Priests + Kings

70-1070AD: the Last Day-Millennium = The Middle Age

This age is characterized by the dismantling of the old idol-worshipping empires and the establishment of Christendom, that is, the empire of Christ.

70-1070AD: The Millennium = The Middle Age = The Last Day = Sabbath Day with the Lord = Taking Possession of Land & Promises = the first 1000 years of Christians receiving the Inheritance

He takes away the old Jerusalem to establish the New Jerusalem

IF the 30-70AD Tribulation corresponds to the Old Testament Exodus

THEN 70-1070AD corresponds to the period of entering, taking possession & reigning over the Inheritance, the land of promises:

  1. Joshua -- arrival of the Captain of the Lord's army; taking possession of the inheritance, promised land.
  2. Judges, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel -- simple, theocratic rule by prophets, priests, & judges.
  3. 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Isaiah -- reigning with kingly glory over the inheritance.
  • The Last Day = the last day of the week = The Sabbath Day of the Lord = 1000 years (2 Peter 3:8)
  • Some secular historians regard the MIddles Age(s) as a time of malaise and lack of progress as the classical wisdom of the ancient Greeks, laid neglected while Bible study captivated the focus of society. Because of such, they suppose, the Muslims & the Orient seem to be the ones where secular progress is slightly more active.
  • But every world-dominating superpower since has come forth from the ranks of those nations Christianized during this inaugural period of World Discipleship by the Saints.
  • Foundational doctrines were forged from the conquering of unsettling questions and heresies.
  • Romans 1:8 mentions how the Faith (of the Christians of Rome) was "spoken of throughout the whole world" as of 56AD when it was written. Certainly this Faith made even bigger news when the proclamation went forth that Christians were to be official targets of empire-wide, state-sponsored persecution in the centuries that followed. Surely this made even bigger worldwide headlines as the centuries rolled on and the Christians were still not beat. And how many jaws dropped around the empire, indeed the whole world, at the final news that this same Roman Empire was now declaring a truce in 313AD then going on to officially adopt the Religion of Christ following 325AD. Beyond all doubt, the requirements of Matthew 24:14 had been fullfilled.
  • By the end of the 1st quarter of this 70-1070AD period, the last idol-worshipping, Saint-oppressing, World-dominating superpower was driven to its knees before Christ & His armies to declare itself a Christian nation, (Constantine 313AD & 325AD). Though it might also serve elsewhere, the visual poetry of the following passage fittingly describes this first quarter of the 70-1070AD Millennium:

Revelation 19:11-21
11 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. 12 His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. 13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. 15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. 17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven,"Come and gather together for the supper of the great God, 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great." 19 And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. 20 Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh.
NKJV

Jude 14-15
14 Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, "Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, 15 to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him."
NKJV 

2 Kings 6:14-19
He sent horses and chariots and a great army there, and they came by night and surrounded the city. 15 And when the servant of the man of God arose early and went out, there was an army, surrounding the city with horses and chariots. And his servant said to him, "Alas, my master! What shall we do?" 16 So he answered,"Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them." 17 And Elisha prayed, and said, "Lord, I pray, open his eyes that he may see." Then the Lord opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw. And behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha. 18 So when the Syrians came down to him, Elisha prayed to the Lord, and said, "Strike this people, I pray, with blindness." And He struck them with blindness according to the word of Elisha.19 Now Elisha said to them, "This is not the way, nor is this the city. Follow me, and I will bring you to the man whom you seek."
NKJV

John 6:45 Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to Me.
Matthew 8:22 Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead.

Assyrians | Gog & Magog

Divine deliverance of old Jerusalem by an "Angel from Heaven"
compared to
Divine deliverand of new Jerusalem by "Fire from Heaven"

OLD TESTAMENT SAINTS
Old Jerusalem receives sudden, divine deliverance from existence-threatening siege by an angel from Heaven.
NEW TESTAMENT SAINTS
"The Camp of the Saints, the Beloved City" receives sudden, divine deliverance from existence-threatening siege by "fire from Heaven."

2 Kings 18:9-19:37

17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rab-shakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem.

32 Therefore thus saith the Lord concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shield, nor cast a bank against it.
33 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the Lord.
34 For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
35 And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.
36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.
37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him
with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead.

 Revelation 20:7-10
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed
the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

Commentary
This passage begins by stating that the Assyrians already took away the cities of Israel & Judah before approaching Jerusalem.  Those taken away were hardly heard from ever again, even considered "the lost tribes of Israel."  Even when some were allowed to return to the land of Israel much later, they were ever after referred to as "Samaritans," never quite "God's People " ever again.  This was, then, a circumstance in which the very existence of God's Covenant People, Jerusalem was threatened with extinction more than any time since the Exodus which preceded the conquest of the promised land and the establishment of the kingdom.
Commentary
LIkewise, this siege by Gog & Magog was envisioned as a circumstance in which the very existence of "the Camp of the Saints, the beloved City" was threatened with extinction more than any time since the Tribulation which preceded the 1000-years Millennium.  Such were the circumstances of true Christian believers everywhere when the fire of the Reformation suddenly came as a deliverance from Heaven.

FIRE-ONGOING No more Satan

REFORMATION-ONGOING No more Satan
REFORMATION-ONGOING: No Satan
REFORMATION-ONGOING: Kingdom Lost | Kingdom No End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Kingdom End | Kingdom No End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Kingdom Taken Away | Kingdom No End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Captivity | Kingdom without End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Exile | Kingdom without End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Kingdom no end, no Satan

This is where the analogy between the histories of Old Testament Israel and New Testament Christianity part ways.  Following its miraculous deliverance from Heaven by and angel during Hezekiah's reign, Old Testament Israel (Judah harboring the remnant of Israel) degraded under evil kings once again into sin, sieges and ultimately, Exile: this was when God announced that, though He would restore natural Israel for a season, He determined to keep it on life support just long enough to usher in a new covenant.  In contrast, following its miraculous deliverance from Heaven by the Fires of the Reformation, New Testament Christianity has risen under King Jesus the Christ into fuller and fuller manifestation of the glorious liberty of the sons of God in His Everlasting Kingdom that has no end. Glory to God through Jesus Christ our Lord!

Saint Augustine comments on Rev 20:7-10

The words, “And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and encompassed the camp of the saints and the beloved city,” do not mean that they have come, or shall come, to one place, as if the camp of the saints and the beloved city should be in some one place; for this camp is nothing else than the Church of Christ extending over the whole world. And consequently wherever the Church shall be,—and it shall be in all nations, as is signified by “the breadth of the earth,”—there also shall be the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and there it shall be encompassed by the savage persecution of all its enemies; for they too shall exist along with it in all nations,—that is, it shall be straitened, and hard pressed, and shut up in the straits of tribulation, but shall not desert its military duty, which is signified by the word “camp.”

The words, “And fire came down out of heaven and devoured them,” are not to be understood of the final punishment which shall be inflicted when it is said, “Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire;” (Matt 25:41), for then they shall be cast into the fire, not fire come down out of heaven upon them. In this place “fire out of heaven” is well understood of the firmness of the saints, wherewith they refuse to yield obedience to those who rage against them. For the firmament is “heaven,” by whose firmness these assailants shall be pained with blazing zeal, for they shall be impotent to draw away the saints to the party of Antichrist. This is the fire which shall devour them, and this is “from God;” for it is by God’s grace the saints become unconquerable, and so torment their enemies. For as in a good sense it is said, “The zeal of Thine house hath consumed me,” Ps. 119:9, so in a bad sense it is said, “Zeal hath possessed the uninstructed people, and now fire shall consume the enemies,” Isaiah 26:11. Saint Augustine's City of God and Christian Doctrine, pages 692-3

Revelation 20:7-10 ~foreseen around 63AD by the exiled Apostle John
And when the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. 9 And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
NASB

[ I would add the clarification that this "fire from heaven," this "zeal of the Saints," continues to abide with Christians, continually vigilant to subjugate evil in the World around us, whereby the Saints reign over evil. Recall, also, the "tongues of fire," that lit upon the Saints at Pentecost, accompanying their baptism in the Holy Spirit along with the speaking in tongues. Recall, also, John the Baptist's teaching that Christ would baptize "with the Holy Spirit and fire." ]

 

Satan, the organizational head of evil beings, will never again organize the world into idol-worshipping empires as he did in the ancient world, (the various "beasts" of Daniel & Revelation). This does not mean there remain no more evil, or sin, or temptors, etc. It only means that evil beings & temptors lack the organizational head, (Satan), they once had when the world was subjugated beneath idol-worshipping superpowers. Evil beings such as the ancient principalities and powers, (Eph 6:12), are present, (and people still follow their sorceries, Rev 22:15), but they are positioned now only as disorganized insurgents outside the protected "Green Zone," the reigning City of God, the holy Heavenly & New Jerusalem, the eternal ruling empire of Christ, Christendom. The organizational head of evil, the Devil, Satan, has been cast into the Lake of Fire which is the Second Death, Rev 20:10. How much more confidence we should have today to resist evil and temptation, washing our robes in the river flowing from the City, that we might enter the Gates of the City and serve our holy Father & Christ our Lord, reigning with them forever! Amen.

The following events in history are given to show how history lives up to the hope anticpated by this view.

AGAINST ERROR

A process of elimination is employed here towards discovering the Bible's placement of the "thousand years" Millennium within the Last Day timeline. This seemed appropriate when it was found that there were more than a few theories among believers throughout the 20 centuries of Christianity concerning the "thousand years" Millennium.  Upon inspection it became clear that these theories were made of differing combinations of certain fundamental errors. Click each Millennial theory to reveal the errors below:

Revelation 20:1-8
1 And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he laid hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a THOUSAND YEARS, 3 and threw him into the abyss, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he should not deceive the nations any longer, until the THOUSAND YEARS were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of the testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark upon their forehead and upon their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a THOUSAND YEARS. 5 (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the THOUSAND YEARS were completed). This is the first resurrection. 6 Blesssed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a THOUSAND YEARS.7 And when the THOUSAND YEARS are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out ...

2 Peter 3:8-10
But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one DAY is as a THOUSAND YEARS, and a THOUSAND YEARS as one DAY. 9 The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance. 10 But the DAY of the Lord will come ...

Psalms 90:4
For a THOUSAND YEARS in Thy sight are like yesterDAY when it passes by, or as a watch in the NIGHT.

Romans 13:11-12
And this do, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. 12 The NIGHT is almost gone, and the DAY is at hand.
NASB
Related Scriptures: 30-70AD: the Night was almost gone, and the Day was at hand

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