John the Baptist 27 AD "The Kingdom of Heaven is at hand." (Matthew 3:2) 27 AD "Who warned you to flee from the wrath about to come?" (Matthew 3:7) 27 AD "The axe is already laid at the root of the trees." (Matthew 3:10) 27 AD "His winnowing fork is in His hand." (Matthew 3:12) 27 AD "The kingdom of heaven is at hand." (Matthew 4:17) 27 AD "The kingdom of God is at hand." (Mark 1:15) 27 AD “Who warned you to flee from the wrath about to come?” (Luke 3:7) 27 AD “The axe is already laid at the root of the trees. " (Luke 3:9) 27 AD "His winnowing fork is in His hand…." (Luke 3:17) Jesus the Christ 28 AD "The kingdom of heaven is at hand." (Matthew 10:7) 28 AD "You shall not finish going through the cities of Israel, until the Son of Man comes." (Matthew 10:23) 28 AD "....the age about to come." (Matthew 12:32) 28 AD “The kingdom of God has come near to you.” (Luke 10:9) 28 AD “The kingdom of God has come near.” (Luke 10:11) 30 AD "The Son of Man is about to come in the glory of His Father with His angels; and will then recompense every man according to his deeds." (Matthew 16:27) 30 AD "There are some of those who are standing here who shall not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom." (Matthew 16:28; cf. Mark 9:1; Luke 9:27) 30 AD "'When the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine-growers?' '....He will bring those wretches to a wretched end, and will rent out the vineyard to other vine-growers, who will pay him the proceeds at the proper seasons.' '....Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and be given to a nation producing the fruit of it.' ....When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was speaking about them." (Matthew 21:40-41,43,45) 30 AD "This generation will not pass away until all these things take place." (Matthew 24:34) 30 AD "From now on, you [Caiaphas, the chief priests, the scribes, the elders, the whole Sanhedrin] shall be seeing the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven." (Matthew 26:64; Mark 14:62; Luke 22:69) 30 AD "What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the vine-growers, and will give the vineyard to others. ....They [the chief priests, scribes and elders] understood that He spoke the parable against them." (Mark 12:9,12) 30 AD "This generation will not pass away until all these things take place.” (Mark 13:30) 30 AD “What, therefore, will the owner of the vineyard do to them? He will come and destroy these vine-growers and will give the vineyard to others." …The scribes and the chief priests …understood that He spoke this parable against them.” (Luke 20:15-16,19) 30 AD “These are days of vengeance, in order that all things which are written may be fulfilled.” (Luke 21:22) 30 AD "This generation will not pass away until all things take place.” (Luke 21:32) 30 AD "Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. For behold, the days are coming when they will say, 'Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.' Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us,' and to the hills, 'Cover us.'” (Luke 23:28-30; Compare Revelation 6:14-17) 30 AD "I will come to you. …In that Day you shall know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.' …'Lord, what then has happened that You are about to disclose Yourself to us, and not to the world?'" (John 14:18,20,22) 30 AD "If I want him to remain until I come, what is that to you?" (John 21:22) The Disciples 30 AD "We were hoping that He was the One who is about to redeem Israel.” (Luke 24:21) Paul the Apostle to the Gentiles 52 AD “…we who are alive, and remain until the coming of the Lord… …We who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds… …You, brethren, are not in darkness, that the Day should overtake you like a thief.” (1 Thessalonians 4:15,17; 5:4) 52 AD “May your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Thessalonians 5:23) 52 AD “It is only just for God to repay with affliction those who afflict you, and to give relief to you who are afflicted and to us as well when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels in flaming fire.” (2 Thessaloniams 1:6-7) 56 AD “The time has been shortened.” (1 Corinthians 7:29) 56 AD “The form of this world is passing away.” (1 Corinthians 7:31) 56 AD “Now these things …were written for our instruction, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.” (1 Corinthians 10:11) 56 AD “We shall not all fall sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.” (1 Corinthians 15:51-52) 56 AD "Maranatha!" [The Lord comes!] (1 Corinthians 16:22) 56 AD “Godliness …holds promise for the present life and that which is about to come.” (1 Timothy 4:8) 56 AD “I charge you …that you keep the commandment without stain or reproach until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Timothy 6:14) 56 AD “…storing up for themselves the treasure of a good foundation for that which is about to come, so that they may take hold of that which is life indeed.” (1 Timothy 6:19) 57 AD “He has fixed a day in which He is about to judge the world in righteousness…” (Acts 17:31) 58 AD “Not for [Abraham's] sake only was it written, that [faith] was reckoned to him [as righteousness], but for our sake also, to whom it is about to be reckoned.” (Romans 4:23-24) 58 AD “If you are living according to the flesh, you are about to die.” (Romans 8:13) 58 AD “I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is about to be revealed to us.” (Romans 8:18) 58 AD "It is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. The night is almost gone, and the day is at hand." (Romans 13:11-12) 58 AD “The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet.” (Romans 16:20) 60 AD “There is about to be a resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.” (Acts 24:15) 60 AD “As he was discussing righteousness, self-control and the judgment about to come…" (Acts 24:25) 61 AD "...not only in this age, but also in the one about to come.” (Ephesians 1:21) 61 AD “In the last days difficult times will come. For men will be lovers of self… …Avoid these men. For of these are those who enter into households and captivate weak women… …These also oppose the truth… …But they will not make further progress; for their folly will be obvious to all…” (2 Timothy 3:1-2,5-6,8-9) 61 AD “I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is about to judge the living and the dead…” (2 Timothy 4:1) 62 AD “The Lord is near.” (Philippians 4:5) 62 AD "The gospel …was proclaimed in all creation under heaven." (Colossians 1:23; Compare Matthew 24:14; Romans 10:18; 16:26; Colossians 1:5-6; 2 Timothy 4:17; Revelation 14:6-7; cf. I Clement 5,7) 62 AD “…things which are a shadow of what is about to come.” (Colossians 2:16-17) 63 AD “God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son.” (Hebrews 1:1-2) 63 AD “Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who are about to inherit salvation?” (Hebrews 1:14) 63 AD “He did not subject to angels the world about to come.” (Hebrews 2:5) 63 AD “…and have tasted …the powers of the age about to come.” (Hebrews 6:5) 63 AD "For ground that drinks the rain which often falls upon it and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whose sake it is also tilled, receives a blessing from God; but if it yields thorns and thistles, it is worthless and near a curse, and it's end is for burning.” (Hebrews 6:7-8) 63 AD “When He said, 'A new covenant,' He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.” (Hebrews 8:13) 63 AD “The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way of the [heavenly] Holy Places has not yet been revealed, while the outer tabernacle is still standing, which is a symbol for the present time. Accordingly both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make the worshiper perfect in conscience, since they relate only to food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until a time of reformation.” (Hebrews 9:8-10; Compare Galatians 4:19; Ephesians 2:21-22; 3:17; 4:13) 63 AD “But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things about to come…” (Hebrews 9:11) 63 AD “Now once at the consummation of the ages He has been manifested to put away sin.” (Hebrews 9:26) 63 AD “For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things about to come…” (Hebrews 10:1) 63 AD “…as you see the Day drawing near.” (Hebrews 10:25) 63 AD “…the fury of a fire which is about to consume the adversaries.” (Hebrews 10:27) 63 AD “For yet in a very little while, He who is coming will come, and will not delay.” (Hebrews 10:37) 63 AD “For here we do not have a lasting city, but we are seeking the one that is about to come.” (Hebrews 13:14) Peter the Apostle to the Circumcision 30 AD “This is what was spoken of through the prophet Joel: 'And it shall be in the last days…'” (Acts 2:16-17) 62 AD “…salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.” (1 Peter 1:5) 62 AD “He …has appeared in these last times for the sake of you.” (1 Peter 1:20) 62 AD “In the last days mockers will come. …For this they willingly are ignorant of…” (1 Peter 3:3,5) 62 AD “They shall give account to Him who is ready to judge the living and the dead.” (1 Peter 4:5) 62 AD “The end of all things is at hand; therefore, be of sound judgment and sober spirit for the purpose of prayer.” (1 Peter 4:7) 62 AD "For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God.” (1 Peter 4:17) 62 AD “…as your fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is about to be revealed.” (1 Peter 5:1) 62 AD “We have the prophetic word …which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the Day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts.” (2 Peter 1:19) 62 AD “Their judgment from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep.” (2 Peter 2:3) 62 AD “But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, in which the heavens will pass away with a roar and the elements will be destroyed with intense heat, and the earth and its works will be burned up. Since all these things are to be destroyed in this way, what sort of people ought you to be in holy conduct and godliness, looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God.” (2 Peter 3:10-12) James 62 AD "Speak and so act, as those who are about to be judged by the law of liberty." (James 2:12) 62 AD “Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries which are coming upon you. …It is in the last days that you have stored up your treasure!” (James 5:1,3) 62 AD “Be patient, therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord.” (James. 5:7) 62 AD “You too be patient; strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand.” (James. 5:8) Jude the brother of James 62 AD “For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation. …About these also Enoch …prophesied, saying, 'Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones, to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly…'” (Jude 1:4,14-15) 62 AD “But you, beloved, ought to remember the words that were spoken beforehand by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ, that they were saying to you, 'In the last time there shall be mockers, following after their own ungodly lusts.' These are the ones who cause divisions…” (Jude 1:17-19) John the Apostle whom Jesus loved 62 AD “The darkness is passing away, and the true light is already shining.” (1 John 2:8) 62 AD “The world is passing away, and its desires.” (1 John 2:17) 62 AD “It is the last hour.” (1 John 2:18) 62 AD “Even now many antichrists have arisen; from this we know that it is the last hour.” (1 John 2:18; Compare Matthew 24:23-34) 62 AD “This is that of the antichrist, of which you have heard that it is coming, and now it is already in the world.” (1 John 4:3; Compare 2 Thessaloniams 2:7) 63 AD “…to show to His bond-servants, the things which must shortly take place.” (Revelation 1:1) 63 AD “The time is near.” (Revelation 1:3) 63 AD “Nevertheless what you have, hold fast until I come.” (Revelation 2:25) 63 AD “I also will keep you from the hour of testing which is about to come upon the whole world.” (Revelation 3:10) 63 AD “I am coming quickly.” (Revelation 3:11) 63 AD “And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is about to rule all the nations with a rod of iron.” (Revelation 12:5) 63 AD "And in her [the Great City Babylon] was found the blood of prophets and of saints and of all who have been slain on the earth." (Revelation 18:24; Compare Matthew 23:35-36; Luke 11:50-51) 63 AD “…to show to His bond-servants the things which must shortly take place.” (Revelation 22:6) 63 AD "Behold, I am coming quickly. " (Revelation 22:7) 63 AD "Do not seal up the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near." (Revelation 22:10; Compare Daniel 8:26) 63 AD "Behold, I am coming quickly.” (Revelation 22:12) 63 AD "Yes, I am coming quickly." (Revelation 22:20)

Timeline Summary


Comparing Old Testament shadow to New Testament substance

Old Testament history as a roadmap to Christian history

It is hoped the reader can see at least a few parallels here between Old Testament history and Christian history. I hope to point these out in greater focus in each of the time categies under the heading "external support" or merely placing a date of the historical event.

Israelite history as a pattern for Christian history, 1 Corinthians 10:11


The Exodus
Preface: Preparing for the Exodus from the bondage of Egypt
Exodus 1-12

Moses, the Prophet-Deliverer,
his special birth and early life,
burning bush encounter with God,
returned from the desert as miracle-working deliverer of God's Chosen People
(the Israelties)
from bondage
under the rule of Pharoah.
The last supper under the rule of Pharoah,
the sacrifice of the Passover lamb.

The Tribulation
Preface: Preparing for the exodus from the bondage of the Law
Matthew, Mark, Luke and John

Jesus, the Prophet-Savior like Moses,
His birth and early life,
baptismal encounter with God,
returned from the desert as miracle-working
deliverer of God's Elect People
(the Christians)
from bondage
under the Law of Moses.
The last supper under the Law of Moses,
the sacrifice of Christ our Passover.

The Journey of Transition

Exodus 13-40, Leviticus, Numbers, Dueteronomy -- The 40-year Exodus from Egypt through the desert to the Inheritance/Promised Land; Moses the promised deliverer; Moses returns after 40 days of fasting with the 10 commandments written on stone; Moses, the Law-giver, delivers the Law of Moses.

The Journey of Transition

30-70AD: The 40-year New Testament historical account: Acts-Revelation: The Second Exodus-Tribulation from the Law of Moses to the Kingdom of the Heavens; Christ our promised Deliverer/Savior, Christ our Passover, Christ returns from 40 days of fasting with the Gospel written on hearts with the Spirit; the Law of Christ; Jesus/Spirit, the Life-giver, delivers the Law of Christ; Christ our Rock for refreshing water, etc., "God has ordained that you should enter His Kingdom through much Tribulation."

The Promised Land
Entering the Promised Inheritance

Joshua 1-6
The miraculous crossing of the Jordan,
putting off the unprofitable flesh
through circumcision of the survivors
of the 40-year Exodus,
Manna ceases to be produced upon arrival at the Inheritance,
the promised land;
arrival of the Captain of the Lord's Armies
for conquest of the Land,
destruction of Jericho, the first conquest.

The Kingdom of God
The Millennium
Entering the Promised Inheritance

70AD: Jude 14-15, 1 Thess 3:13, 2 Thess 1:6-10, Rev 19:11-21, 2 Kings 6:15-17
The miraculous Rapture,
putting off the unprofitable flesh
through resurrection/transformation of the faithful
of the 40 year Tribulation (30-70AD),
Scripture ceases to be produced upon arrival of the Inheritance,
the promised Kingdom of God;
arrival of the Lord with 10,000's of His Saints
for conquest of the World,
destruction of Jerusalem, the first conquest.

Taking Possession of the Land for Israel

Joshua 7-24
taking initial possession of the Land for Israel;
conquering the primary cities,
subjuagating the kingdoms of Canaan,
the Perizites, Hivites, etc.

Taking Possession of the World for Christ

70-325AD Ante-Nicene Christianity:
taking initial possession of the World for Christ;
conquering the primary cities,
christenizing the kingdoms of the World,
the Romans, the Greeks (Byzantines), etc.

Establishing dominion over the Land

Judges, 1&2 Samuel, 1 Kings
simple, theocratic rule of the Land by judges, priests and prophets.
Worship still simple at the Tabernacle of Moses.
Establishing Israelite rule over the Land.

Establishing dominion over the World

325-590AD Nicene and Post-Nicene Christianity
from Constantine the Great to Gregory the Great
the simple, theocratic rule of Christendom by the great churches, the Patriarchates of Alexandria, Jerusalem, Antioch, Constantinople, and Rome, etc.
Establishing Christian rule over the World.

Extending the reach of the kingdom

2 Kings, 1&2 Chronicles, establishing the temple of God in Jerusalem, reigning with kingly glory over the Land. The height of outward show of Israelite reign. Solomon's world traveling fleets, his worldwide fame and outreach, sharing his wisdom. Some regression into Golden Calf idolatry, division and decline.

Extending the reach of the kingdom (Christendom)

590-1070AD: The regal rule of the Catholic Church in its glory. The missionary period from Gregory I. to Hildebrand or Gregory VII., A.D. 590-1073. The height of outward show of Christian reign. The conversion of the northern barbarians. The dawn of a new civilization. Later corruption & decline. Some regression into Islam (Old Testament style legalism). The schism of East and West.

The kingdom threatened with extinction

Isaiah (history accounts)
The divided kingdoms under one siege after another by the heathen nations. Northern kingdom of Israel is conquered and scattered by the Assyrians. The southern kingdom of Judah is beseiged, under threat of extinction by the Assyrians.

Divine Deliverance
The Southern kingdom is divinely delivered from the multitudes of beseiging Assyrian armies surrounding Jerusalem when an angel from heaven slaughters 185,000 Assyrians in a single night.

The kingdom threatened with extinction

1070AD-REFORMATION: Pope Gregory VII to Martin Luther, et al : Divided schism between Roman Catholic west and Greek Orthodox east; saints under seige on every side, heretics and false leaders within and Muslim Turks and without; the Black Death Plague, etc. Greatest challenges to the survivial of faithful, holy, true-believer Christians since the Tribulation of 30-70AD; many true-believers in hiding.

Divine Deliverance
REFORMATION-FOREVER: True Christians were divinely delivered from the threat of extinction by "fire from Heaven," the Reformation.

Decline, Exile, Return and final Destruction

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Esther, Ezra and Nehemiah (the historical portions) -- the decline in Jerusalem begins when Hezekiah asks for 15 more years to live. He then invites in the Babyloninan spies and begets evil Manasseh, to whom he leaves the kingdom. From there, it is a downhill decline into Exile, return, and struggle for existence as God reveals His will to destroy Israel beneath subjugation to four beastly (idol-worshipping) empires: Babylonian, Medo-Persian, Greek, and Roman.

Israel is then to be resurrected into a new and living spiritual kingdom that shall have dominion over all and shall have no end. That account is given in the right column of this table.

*The analogy ends here*
Christ's Kingdom is an everlasting kingdom to which there shall be no end.

A Christian Exile (and return) never happens because our king, King Jesus, never makes the mistakes of King Hezekiah, (inviting in the Babylonian spies; leaving his kingdom to evil heirs like Manasseh and Amon). "His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom to which there shall be no end."

REFORMATION-FOREVER: The "fire from heaven" continues as Martin Luther & John Calvin institutionalize the Reformation; Protestant denominationalism is established; World missions & Bible societies; 24-hour preaching worldwide; the Word of God directly rules over the hearts of estimated 2.5 Billion people and growing; return to simplicity of the faith, worship & practice, free men freely serving Jesus from their free consciences, Government of the People, by the People, for the People to the glory of the God of Peace ....

Relevant Scriptures
1 Corinthians 10:1-11 ~penned around 53AD by Christ's persecuted Apostle Paul to the Christians at Corinth
Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, 2 all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ. 5 But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness. 6 Now these things became our examples, to the intent that we should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. 7 And do not become idolaters as were some of them. As it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play." 8 Nor let us commit sexual immorality, as some of them did, and in one day twenty-three thousand fell; 9 nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents; 10 nor complain, as some of them also complained, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the ages have come.

1 Corinthians 10:1-11 ~penned around 53AD by Christ's persecuted Apostle Paul to the Christians at Corinth
For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers, that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. 2 They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea. 3 They all ate the same spiritual food 4 and drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them, and that rock was Christ. 5 Nevertheless, God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered over the desert. 6 Now these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our hearts on evil things as they did. 7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written: "The people sat down to eat and drink and got up to indulge in pagan revelry." 8 We should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did — and in one day twenty-three thousand of them died. 9 We should not test the Lord, as some of them did — and were killed by snakes. 10 And do not grumble, as some of them did — and were killed by the destroying angel. 11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.


FROM THE EXODUS TO THE CROSS: Bondage under the Law of Moses
BEFORE THE CROSS: Bondage under Law
BC: Egypt & Bondage | Sin & Law
BC: Before Christ: Bondage in Egypt

These prophecy+history relationships are shown for the purpose of learning the language of Bible prophecy, how it actually communicates. That is to say, when the Bible predicts "this" in prophecy we can expect to see "this" in history. By studying how the Bible's prophecies were fulfilled in Bible histories we can get a feel for how the language of Bible prophecy is expected to be understood.

Exodus | Tribulation

30-70AD: Exodus | Tribulation
30-70AD Tribulation: Exodus from Sin & the Law of Moses
30-70AD: Exodus | Tribulation
30-70AD: Comparing the Exodus with the Tribulation

This section is arranged after the pattern shown in the book of Exodus. Just as the early biography of Moses was included in Exodus, the early biography of Jesus is included under the heading of "Tribulation," which is the Christian exodus from the Law of Moses and its taskmasters, the Pharisees, et al.

This period answers to the Old Testament period of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

Second Exodus, Last Days of ancient age, last hour, Tribulation: anticipating Christ's soon Return

Anticipating Christ's Return/Rapture with our Inheritance, our 40-year Exodus ended with our entering the Land of the Promise



What began as a deliverance from famine under the first Pharoah ended up as a heavy yoke under the last Pharoah. What began as a deliverance from Egypt under Moses ended up as a heavy yoke under the Pharisees, (who sat in Moses' seat, Matthew 23:2-3).
Moses returned from his 40 years in the desert to work miracles in Egypt, the land of bondage under the rule of Pharoah. Christ returned from His 40 days in the desert to work miracles in Israel, the land of bondage under the Law of Moses.

Their exit from the rule of Pharoah began with the sacrifice of that first Passover lamb, its blood covering the doorposts of their houses, their last supper in Egypt, delivering them from the angel of death.

They left behind their bondage under the rule of Pharoah.

Their exit from the Law of Moses began with the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, His blood covering the posts of the Cross, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the World, at the Last Supper instituting the Everlasting Covenant in Christ's Blood, delivering them from the wrath of God.

They left behind their bondage under the Law of Moses.

The Law of Moses was established at Mount Sinai at the beginning of the Exodus.

The Lord's People were sustained throughout the Exodus period by fresh manna from heaven.

The Law of Christ was established at Mount Calvary at the beginning of the Tribulation, LINK.

The Lord's People were sustained throughout the Tribulation period by fresh Scripture from Heaven.

Within their lifetimes, the immediate followers of Moses expected to enter into a new environment, the promised inheritance: the land promised to Abraham & his Seed. Within their lifetimes, the immediate followers of Christ expected to enter into a new environment, the promised inheritance delivered by Christ at His Return/Rapture: the land of the promises to Abraham & his Seed, & the City with godly foundations: the New Heavens, New Earth & New Jerusalem.

The Exodus ended 40 years later with the coming of the Captain of the Lord's Army and the destruction of Jericho, (this inaugurated the conquest of the land for Israel).

At last they arrived upon the Inheritance: entering the land promised to Abraham & his Seed.

The Tribulation ended 40 years later with the coming of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem, (this inaugurated the conquest of the earth for Christ).

At last they arrived upon the Inheritance: the exceedingly great & precious promises made available with Christ's Rapture/Return: the Resurrection unto Life.

Upon arrival at the promised land of inheritance manna ceased to be produced.

The Exodus period serves as a pattern for one's personal passage from this world to the life to come, (this is a very established Christian teaching).

Upon arrival of the promised inheritance at Christ's Return Scripture ceased to be produced.

The 30-70AD Tribulation period serves as a pattern for one's personal passage from this world to the life to come, LINK.


See also: 4BC-30AD: Christ is the Prophet like Moses

Promised Land | Millennium

"The Kingdom of God does not come with observation"

Promised Land | 1000 Years
70-1070: Kingdom | Millennium
70-1070: Conquest & Kingdom | Last Day-Millennium
70-1070AD The Last Day: Possess Promises Land Kingdom
70-1070AD The Last Day: Possess the Promises, Land & Kingdom
70-1070AD The Kingdom Come

Judges, Priests + Kings

70-1070AD: the Last Day-Millennium = The Middle Age

This age is characterized by the dismantling of the old idol-worshipping empires and the establishment of Christendom, that is, the empire of Christ.

70-1070AD: The Millennium = The Middle Age = The Last Day = Sabbath Day with the Lord = Taking Possession of Land & Promises = the first 1000 years of Christians receiving the Inheritance

He takes away the old Jerusalem to establish the New Jerusalem

IF the 30-70AD Tribulation corresponds to the Old Testament Exodus

THEN 70-1070AD corresponds to the period of entering, taking possession & reigning over the Inheritance, the land of promises:

  1. Joshua -- arrival of the Captain of the Lord's army; taking possession of the inheritance, promised land.
  2. Judges, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel -- simple, theocratic rule by prophets, priests, & judges.
  3. 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Isaiah -- reigning with kingly glory over the inheritance.
  • The Last Day = the last day of the week = The Sabbath Day of the Lord = 1000 years (2 Peter 3:8)
  • Some secular historians regard the MIddles Age(s) as a time of malaise and lack of progress as the classical wisdom of the ancient Greeks, laid neglected while Bible study captivated the focus of society. Because of such, they suppose, the Muslims & the Orient seem to be the ones where secular progress is slightly more active.
  • But every world-dominating superpower since has come forth from the ranks of those nations Christianized during this inaugural period of World Discipleship by the Saints.
  • Foundational doctrines were forged from the conquering of unsettling questions and heresies.
  • Romans 1:8 mentions how the Faith (of the Christians of Rome) was "spoken of throughout the whole world" as of 56AD when it was written. Certainly this Faith made even bigger news when the proclamation went forth that Christians were to be official targets of empire-wide, state-sponsored persecution in the centuries that followed. Surely this made even bigger worldwide headlines as the centuries rolled on and the Christians were still not beat. And how many jaws dropped around the empire, indeed the whole world, at the final news that this same Roman Empire was now declaring a truce in 313AD then going on to officially adopt the Religion of Christ following 325AD. Beyond all doubt, the requirements of Matthew 24:14 had been fullfilled.
  • By the end of the 1st quarter of this 70-1070AD period, the last idol-worshipping, Saint-oppressing, World-dominating superpower was driven to its knees before Christ & His armies to declare itself a Christian nation, (Constantine 313AD & 325AD). Though it might also serve elsewhere, the visual poetry of the following passage fittingly describes this first quarter of the 70-1070AD Millennium:

Revelation 19:11-21
11 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. 12 His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. 13 He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. 15 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. 17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven,"Come and gather together for the supper of the great God, 18 that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great." 19 And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. 20 Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh.

Jude 14-15
14 Now Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men also, saying, "Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of His saints, 15 to execute judgment on all, to convict all who are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have committed in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him."

2 Kings 6:14-19
He sent horses and chariots and a great army there, and they came by night and surrounded the city. 15 And when the servant of the man of God arose early and went out, there was an army, surrounding the city with horses and chariots. And his servant said to him, "Alas, my master! What shall we do?" 16 So he answered,"Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them." 17 And Elisha prayed, and said, "Lord, I pray, open his eyes that he may see." Then the Lord opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw. And behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha. 18 So when the Syrians came down to him, Elisha prayed to the Lord, and said, "Strike this people, I pray, with blindness." And He struck them with blindness according to the word of Elisha.19 Now Elisha said to them, "This is not the way, nor is this the city. Follow me, and I will bring you to the man whom you seek."

John 6:45 Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to Me.
Matthew 8:22 Jesus said unto him, Follow me; and let the dead bury their dead.

Assyrians | Gog & Magog

Divine deliverance of old Jerusalem by an "Angel from Heaven"
compared to
Divine deliverand of new Jerusalem by "Fire from Heaven"

Old Jerusalem receives sudden, divine deliverance from existence-threatening siege by an angel from Heaven.
"The Camp of the Saints, the Beloved City" receives sudden, divine deliverance from existence-threatening siege by "fire from Heaven."

2 Kings 18:9-19:37

17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rab-shakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem.

32 Therefore thus saith the Lord concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shield, nor cast a bank against it.
33 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the Lord.
34 For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
35 And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.
36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.
37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him
with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead.

 Revelation 20:7-10
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed
the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

This passage begins by stating that the Assyrians already took away the cities of Israel & Judah before approaching Jerusalem.  Those taken away were hardly heard from ever again, even considered "the lost tribes of Israel."  Even when some were allowed to return to the land of Israel much later, they were ever after referred to as "Samaritans," never quite "God's People " ever again.  This was, then, a circumstance in which the very existence of God's Covenant People, Jerusalem was threatened with extinction more than any time since the Exodus which preceded the conquest of the promised land and the establishment of the kingdom.
LIkewise, this siege by Gog & Magog was envisioned as a circumstance in which the very existence of "the Camp of the Saints, the beloved City" was threatened with extinction more than any time since the Tribulation which preceded the 1000-years Millennium.  Such were the circumstances of true Christian believers everywhere when the fire of the Reformation suddenly came as a deliverance from Heaven.

FIRE-ONGOING No more Satan

REFORMATION-ONGOING: Kingdom Lost | Kingdom No End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Kingdom End | Kingdom No End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Kingdom Taken Away | Kingdom No End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Captivity | Kingdom without End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Exile | Kingdom without End
REFORMATION-FOREVER: Kingdom no end, no Satan

This is where the analogy between the histories of Old Testament Israel and New Testament Christianity part ways.  Following its miraculous deliverance from Heaven by and angel during Hezekiah's reign, Old Testament Israel (Judah harboring the remnant of Israel) degraded under evil kings once again into sin, sieges and ultimately, Exile: this was when God announced that, though He would restore natural Israel for a season, He determined to keep it on life support just long enough to usher in a new covenant.  In contrast, following its miraculous deliverance from Heaven by the Fires of the Reformation, New Testament Christianity has risen under King Jesus the Christ into fuller and fuller manifestation of the glorious liberty of the sons of God in His Everlasting Kingdom that has no end. Glory to God through Jesus Christ our Lord!

Saint Augustine comments on Rev 20:7-10

The words, “And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and encompassed the camp of the saints and the beloved city,” do not mean that they have come, or shall come, to one place, as if the camp of the saints and the beloved city should be in some one place; for this camp is nothing else than the Church of Christ extending over the whole world. And consequently wherever the Church shall be,—and it shall be in all nations, as is signified by “the breadth of the earth,”—there also shall be the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and there it shall be encompassed by the savage persecution of all its enemies; for they too shall exist along with it in all nations,—that is, it shall be straitened, and hard pressed, and shut up in the straits of tribulation, but shall not desert its military duty, which is signified by the word “camp.”

The words, “And fire came down out of heaven and devoured them,” are not to be understood of the final punishment which shall be inflicted when it is said, “Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire;” (Matt 25:41), for then they shall be cast into the fire, not fire come down out of heaven upon them. In this place “fire out of heaven” is well understood of the firmness of the saints, wherewith they refuse to yield obedience to those who rage against them. For the firmament is “heaven,” by whose firmness these assailants shall be pained with blazing zeal, for they shall be impotent to draw away the saints to the party of Antichrist. This is the fire which shall devour them, and this is “from God;” for it is by God’s grace the saints become unconquerable, and so torment their enemies. For as in a good sense it is said, “The zeal of Thine house hath consumed me,” Ps. 119:9, so in a bad sense it is said, “Zeal hath possessed the uninstructed people, and now fire shall consume the enemies,” Isaiah 26:11. Saint Augustine's City of God and Christian Doctrine, pages 692-3

Revelation 20:7-10 ~foreseen around 63AD by the exiled Apostle John
And when the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. 9 And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

[ I would add the clarification that this "fire from heaven," this "zeal of the Saints," continues to abide with Christians, continually vigilant to subjugate evil in the World around us, whereby the Saints reign over evil. Recall, also, the "tongues of fire," that lit upon the Saints at Pentecost, accompanying their baptism in the Holy Spirit along with the speaking in tongues. Recall, also, John the Baptist's teaching that Christ would baptize "with the Holy Spirit and fire." ]


Satan, the organizational head of evil beings, will never again organize the world into idol-worshipping empires as he did in the ancient world, (the various "beasts" of Daniel & Revelation). This does not mean there remain no more evil, or sin, or temptors, etc. It only means that evil beings & temptors lack the organizational head, (Satan), they once had when the world was subjugated beneath idol-worshipping superpowers. Evil beings such as the ancient principalities and powers, (Eph 6:12), are present, (and people still follow their sorceries, Rev 22:15), but they are positioned now only as disorganized insurgents outside the protected "Green Zone," the reigning City of God, the holy Heavenly & New Jerusalem, the eternal ruling empire of Christ, Christendom. The organizational head of evil, the Devil, Satan, has been cast into the Lake of Fire which is the Second Death, Rev 20:10. How much more confidence we should have today to resist evil and temptation, washing our robes in the river flowing from the City, that we might enter the Gates of the City and serve our holy Father & Christ our Lord, reigning with them forever! Amen.

The following events in history are given to show how history lives up to the hope anticpated by this view.


A process of elimination is employed here towards discovering the Bible's placement of the "thousand years" Millennium within the Last Day timeline. This seemed appropriate when it was found that there were more than a few theories among believers throughout the 20 centuries of Christianity concerning the "thousand years" Millennium.  Upon inspection it became clear that these theories were made of differing combinations of certain fundamental errors. Click each Millennial theory to reveal the errors below:

Revelation 20:1-8
1 And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key of the abyss and a great chain in his hand. 2 And he laid hold of the dragon, the serpent of old, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a THOUSAND YEARS, 3 and threw him into the abyss, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he should not deceive the nations any longer, until the THOUSAND YEARS were completed; after these things he must be released for a short time.4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of the testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received the mark upon their forehead and upon their hand; and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a THOUSAND YEARS. 5 (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the THOUSAND YEARS were completed). This is the first resurrection. 6 Blesssed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a THOUSAND YEARS.7 And when the THOUSAND YEARS are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out ...

2 Peter 3:8-10
But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one DAY is as a THOUSAND YEARS, and a THOUSAND YEARS as one DAY. 9 The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance. 10 But the DAY of the Lord will come ...

Psalms 90:4
For a THOUSAND YEARS in Thy sight are like yesterDAY when it passes by, or as a watch in the NIGHT.

Romans 13:11-12
And this do, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. 12 The NIGHT is almost gone, and the DAY is at hand.
Related Scriptures: 30-70AD: the Night was almost gone, and the Day was at hand

Taxonomy upgrade extras: